Ségolène Royal

Ségolène Royal
Ségolène Royal - Janvier 2012.jpg
Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
In office
2 April 2014 – 10 May 2017
Prime MinisterManuel Valls
Bernard Cazeneuve
Preceded byPhilippe Martin
Succeeded byNicolas Hulot (Minister of Ecological and Inclusive Transition)
President of the Regional Council of Poitou-Charentes
In office
30 March 2004 – 21 April 2014
Preceded byÉlisabeth Morin
Succeeded byJean-François Macaire
Minister delegate for Families, Children and People with Disabilities
In office
20 March 2000 – 6 May 2002
Prime MinisterLionel Jospin
Preceded byMartine Aubry
Succeeded byJean-François Mattei
Minister delegate for School Teaching
In office
4 June 1997 – 27 March 2000
Prime MinisterLionel Jospin
Preceded byFrançoise Hostalier (Secretary of State for School Teaching)
Succeeded byXavier Darcos (Minister of Labour, Social Relations, Families, Solidarity and the Cities)
Minister of the Environment
In office
2 April 1992 – 29 March 1993
Prime MinisterPierre Bérégovoy
Preceded byBrice Lalonde
Succeeded byMichel Barnier
Member of the National Assembly
for Deux-Sèvres's 2nd constituency
In office
19 June 2002 – 19 June 2007
Preceded byJean-Pierre Marché
Succeeded byDelphine Batho
In office
2 April 1993 – 4 July 1997
Preceded byJean-Pierre Marché
Succeeded byJean-Pierre Marché
In office
23 June 1988 – 2 May 1992
Preceded byConstituency re-established
Succeeded byJean-Pierre Marché
Member of the
Deux-Sèvres General Council
for La Mothe-Saint-Héray
In office
2 April 1992 – 27 March 1998
Preceded byPierre Thomas
Succeeded byJean-Pierre Griffault
Personal details
BornMarie-Ségolène Royal
(1953-09-22) 22 September 1953 (age 65)[1]
Dakar, French West Africa
(present-day Senegal)
Political partySocialist Party
Domestic partnerFrançois Hollande (1978–2007)
Children4
Alma materNancy 2 University
Sciences Po
ÉNA
SignatureOfficial Facebook
Ségolène Royal (right) at a 6 February 2007 meeting with Dominique Strauss-Kahn (left) and Bertrand Delanoë (center)
Royal with Réunionese politician Paul Vergès in 2006

Marie-Ségolène Royal, known as Ségolène Royal (pronounced [se.ɡɔ.lɛn ʁwa.jal] (About this soundlisten); born 22 September 1953), is a French politician and prominent member of the Socialist Party.

She was President of the Poitou-Charentes Regional Council from 2004 to 2014. She was the Socialist candidate in the 2007 presidential election, becoming the first woman in France to be nominated as a presidential candidate by a major party. She lost to Nicolas Sarkozy in the run-off.

In 2008, Royal narrowly lost to Martine Aubry in the Socialist Party's election for First Secretary at the Party's twenty-second national congress. Candidate for the PS nomination for President in 2012, she lost the Socialist Party presidential primary in 2011. She failed in her attempt to win a seat in the National Assembly in the June 2012 parliamentary elections.

François Hollande, the former President of France, is the father of her four children. She was appointed by him to the vice-Chair directorship of the Banque Publique d'Investissement (BPI) in 2013. She served as Minister for Ecology from 2014 to 2017, in the Valls, then Cazeneuve cabinets.

Early life

Ségolène Royal was born on 22 September 1953[2] in the military base of Ouakam, Dakar, French West Africa (now Senegal), the daughter of Hélène Dehaye and Jacques Royal, a former artillery officer and aide to the mayor of Chamagne (Vosges).

Her parents had eight children in nine years: Marie-Odette, Marie-Nicole, Gérard, Marie-Ségolène, Antoine, Paul, Henri and Sigisbert.

After secondary school in the small town of Melle, Deux-Sèvres, Marie-Ségolène attended a local university where she graduated 2nd in her class with a degree in Economics. Her eldest sister then suggested she prepare the entrance exam to the elite Institut d'études politiques de Paris popularly called Sciences Po, which she attended on scholarship. There she discovered politics of class and feminism. ("Sciences Po" at the time was 85% upper-class Parisian, mostly male.) In 1972, at the age of 19, Royal sued her father because he refused to divorce her mother and pay alimony and child support to finance the children's education. She won the case after many years in court, shortly before Jacques Royal died of lung cancer in 1981. Six of the eight children had refused to see him again, Ségolène included.[3]

Royal, like the majority of France's political elite, is a graduate of the École nationale d'administration. She was in the same class as her former partner of 30 years, François Hollande, as well as Dominique de Villepin[4] (prime minister under Jacques Chirac). Each class year at the ENA receives a nickname to distinguish it: Royal tried to get her peers to name their class after Louise Michel, a revolutionary from the 1870s, but they chose the name "Voltaire" instead. During her time at the ENA, Royal also dropped "Marie" from her hyphenated first name because she thought it had been chosen by her father for his daughters out of a degrading and archaic view of the role of women.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ségolène Royal
asturianu: Ségolène Royal
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беларуская: Сегален Руаяль
български: Сеголен Роаял
brezhoneg: Ségolène Royal
Esperanto: Ségolène Royal
føroyskt: Ségolène Royal
français: Ségolène Royal
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Bahasa Indonesia: Ségolène Royal
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Lëtzebuergesch: Ségolène Royal
lietuvių: Ségolène Royal
Nederlands: Ségolène Royal
português: Ségolène Royal
sicilianu: Ségolène Royal
Simple English: Ségolène Royal
slovenščina: Ségolène Royal
српски / srpski: Сеголен Роајал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ségolène Royal
Taqbaylit: Ségolène Royal
українська: Сеголен Руаяль
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سېگولەن رويال
Tiếng Việt: Ségolène Royal
粵語: 羅雅爾