Ryugyong Hotel

Ryugyong Hotel
Ryugyong Hotel - August 27, 2011 (Cropped).jpg
The Ryugyong Hotel in August 2011
Ryugyong Hotel is located in Pyongyang
Ryugyong Hotel
Location within Pyongyang
General information
Status Topped-out
Location Pyongyang, North Korea
Coordinates 39°02′11″N 125°43′50″E / 39°02′11″N 125°43′50″E / 39.03639; 125.73056
Construction started 1987 [1]
Topped-out 1992 [2]
Estimated completion Unknown
Height
Roof 330.02 metres (1,082.7 ft) [2]
Technical details
Floor count 105 [2]
Floor area 360,000 m2 (3,900,000 sq ft) [2]
Design and construction
Architect Baikdoosan Architects & Engineers [1]
Developer Orascom Group
Main contractor Baikdoosan Architects & Engineers (1987–1992) [1]
Orascom Construction Industries (2008–present) [3]
References
[2]
Ryugyong Hotel
Chosŏn'gŭl
S: 호텔
Hancha
S: 柳京호텔
Revised Romanization Ryugyeong Ryeogwan
S: Yugyeong Hotel
McCune–Reischauer Ryugyŏng Ryŏgwan
S: Yugyŏng Hot'el

The Ryugyong Hotel ( Chosŏn'gŭl류경려관; sometimes anglicised as Ryu-Gyong Hotel or Yu-Kyung Hotel) [4] is an unfinished (although topped-out) 105-story, 330 metres (1,080 ft)-tall pyramid-shaped skyscraper in Pyongyang, North Korea. Its name ("capital of willows") is also one of the historical names for Pyongyang. [5] The building is also known as the 105 Building, a reference to its number of floors. [2] The building has been planned as a mixed-use development, which would include a hotel.

Construction began in 1987 but was halted in 1992 as North Korea entered a period of economic crisis after the fall of the Soviet Union. After 1992 the building stood topped out, but without any windows or interior fittings. In 2008 construction resumed, and the exterior was completed in 2011. It was planned to open the hotel in 2012, the centenary of Kim Il-sung's birth, but this did not happen. A partial opening was announced for 2013, but this was also cancelled. [6] As of 2017, the building remains unopened [7] and has been called the tallest unfinished building in the world. [8]

Architecture

The Ryugyong Hotel is 330 metres (1,080 ft) tall, [9] making it the most prominent feature of Pyongyang's skyline and by far the tallest structure in North Korea. Construction of the Ryugyong Hotel was intended to be completed in time for the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in June 1989; had this been achieved, it would have held the title of world's tallest hotel. The unfinished building was not surpassed in height by any new hotel until the 2009 completion of the spire atop the Rose Tower in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The Ryugyong Hotel is the world's 63rd tallest building (tied with the China World Trade Center Tower III, Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower, and Yuexiu Fortune Center l in height) and has the tenth most floors.[ citation needed] It is also the tallest unoccupied building in the world. [10]

The building consists of three wings, each measuring 100 metres (330 ft) long, 18 metres (59 ft) wide, and sloped at a 75‑degree angle, [11] which converge at a common point to form a pinnacle. The building is topped by a truncated cone 40 metres (130 ft) wide, consisting of eight floors that are intended to rotate, topped by a further six static floors. The structure was originally intended to house five revolving restaurants, and either 3,000 or 7,665 guest rooms, according to different sources. [12] [13] According to Orascom's Khaled Bichara in 2009, the Ryugyong will not be just a hotel, but rather a mixed-use development, including "revolving restaurant" facilities along with a "mixture of hotel accommodation, apartments and business facilities". [3]

Other Languages
български: Рюгьон (хотел)
čeština: Hotel Rjugjong
español: Hotel Ryugyong
Esperanto: Hotelo Ryugyong
français: Hôtel Ryugyong
한국어: 류경호텔
hrvatski: Hotel Ryugyong
Bahasa Indonesia: Hotel Ryugyong
italiano: Ryugyong Hotel
Nederlands: Ryugyonghotel
日本語: 柳京ホテル
Plattdüütsch: Ryugyong-Hotel
português: Hotel Ryugyong
română: Hotel Ryugyong
slovenčina: Rjukjong Hotchel
slovenščina: Hotel Rjugjong
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hotel Ryugyŏng
Türkçe: Ryugyong Oteli
українська: Готель Рюгьон
Tiếng Việt: Khách sạn Ryugyŏng
吴语: 柳京饭店
粵語: 柳京飯店
中文: 柳京飯店