Rwanda Nziza

Rwanda Nziza
English: Beautiful Rwanda
Amahoro Stadium Kigali.jpg
Military parade by the Rwandan Defence Forces at Amahoro Stadium, performing "Rwandan Nziza"

National anthem of  Rwanda
LyricsFaustin Murigo, 1990s
MusicJean-Bosco Hashakaimana
Adopted2002[1]
Audio sample
Rwanda Nziza (Instrumental)

"Rwanda Nziza" (Kinyarwanda: [ɾɡwɑːndɑ nziːzɑ́], "Beautiful Rwanda") has been the national anthem of Rwanda since January 1, 2002.[1] It replaced "Rwanda Rwacu", which had been the national anthem since 1962.[1]

History

Rwanda's original national anthem, written when the country achieved independence from Belgium in 1962, was called Rwanda Rwacu (Our Rwanda). Independence was achieved at a time of high tension, following the Rwandan Revolution: centuries of rule by the minority Tutsi group had been overturned in just three years, the majority Hutu taking power in a violent upheaval, and forcing more than 100,000 to seek refuge in neighbouring countries.[2][3] The subsequent thirty years, under the presidencies of Gregoire Kayibanda and Juvénal Habyarimana, were marked by continued cycles of violence,[4] culminating in the 1990s with the launch of the Rwandan Civil War by exiled Tutsi led by Paul Kagame,[5] the assassination of President Habyarimana, and the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, in which between 500,000 and 1,000,000[6] Tutsi and politically moderate Hutu were killed by Hutu extremists, on the orders of the interim government, in the space of just 100 days.[7]

The genocide was ended when Kagame's rebel army took control of the country in July 1994.[8] A period of reconciliation began, as a unity government took control of the country.[9] Kagame was the de facto leader from this point on,[10] and assumed the presidency in 2000.[11] As part of the reconciliation effort, and to signal a break with the country's violent past, the government enacted an overhaul of the country's symbols, including the flag, the coat of arms and the national anthem.[12]

To commission the lyrics and music for the new anthem, the government organised a national contest.[12] Rwanda Nziza represented the winning entry, with lyrics composed by Faustin Murigo of Karubanda prison, and melody by Captain Jean-Bosco Hashakaimana of the Rwandan army brass band.[1] Rwanda Nziza became the official anthem of Rwanda on 1 January 2002.[1]

Other Languages
asturianu: Rwanda Nziza
беларуская: Гімн Руанды
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гімн Руанды
čeština: Rwandská hymna
Deutsch: Rwanda nziza
Ελληνικά: Rwanda nziza
español: Rwanda Nziza
français: Rwanda Nziza
Bahasa Indonesia: Rwanda Nziza
italiano: Rwanda nziza
Kinyarwanda: Rwanda Nziza
lietuvių: Ruandos himnas
Bahasa Melayu: Rwanda Nziza
Nederlands: Rwanda nziza
polski: Hymn Rwandy
português: Rwanda Nziza
русский: Гимн Руанды
Türkçe: Rwanda Nziza
українська: Гімн Руанди
Yorùbá: Rwanda Nziza