|English: Beautiful Rwanda|
National anthem of
|Lyrics||Faustin Murigo, 1990s|
"Rwanda Nziza" (instrumental)
"Rwanda Nziza" (Kinyarwanda:
The genocide was ended when Kagame's rebel army took control of the country in July 1994. A period of reconciliation began, as a unity government took control of the country. Kagame was the de facto leader from this point on, and assumed the presidency in 2000. As part of the reconciliation effort, and to signal a break with the country's violent past, the government enacted an overhaul of the country's symbols, including the
To commission the lyrics and music for the new anthem, the government organised a national contest. Rwanda Nziza represented the winning entry, with lyrics composed by Faustin Murigo of Karubanda prison, and melody by Captain Jean-Bosco Hashakaimana of the Rwandan army brass band. Rwanda Nziza became the official anthem of Rwanda on 1 January 2002.