Rutland

Rutland
County
Rutland County Flag.svg
Flag
Motto: Multum in parvo
("Much in little")
Rutland within England
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
EstablishedHistoric
Ceremonial county
Area382 km2 (147 sq mi)
 • Ranked45th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)39,500
 • Ranked47th of 48
Density103/km2 (270/sq mi)
Ethnicity98.1% White
Unitary authority
CouncilRutland County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQOakham
Area381.8 km2 (147.4 sq mi)
 • Ranked105th of 326
Population39,500
 • Ranked323rd of 326
Density103/km2 (270/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-RUT
ONS code00FP
GSS codeE06000017
https://www.rutland.gov.uk/
DistrictsN/A
Members of ParliamentAlan Duncan (C)
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Oakham Castle
Rutland Water

Rutland d/ is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.

Its greatest length north to south is only 18 miles (29 km) and its greatest breadth east to west is 17 miles (27 km). It is the smallest historic county in England and the fourth smallest in the UK as a whole. Because of this, the Latin motto Multum in Parvo or "much in little" was adopted by the county council in 1950.[1] It has the smallest population of any normal unitary authority in England. Among the current ceremonial counties, the Isle of Wight, City of London and City of Bristol are smaller in area. The former County of London, in existence 1889 to 1965, also had a smaller area. It is 323rd of the 326 districts in population.

The only towns in Rutland are Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. At the centre of the county is Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir that is an important nature reserve serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for ospreys.

Rutland's older cottages are built from limestone or ironstone and many have roofs of Collyweston stone slate or thatch.

Etymology

The origin of the name of the county is unclear. In a 1909 edition of Notes and Queries Harriot Tabor suggested "that the name should be Ruthland, and that there is a part of Essex called the Ruth, and that the ancient holders of it were called Ruthlanders, since altered to Rutland";[2] however, responses suggest "that Rutland, as a name, was earlier than the Norman Conquest. Its first mention, as "Roteland", occurs in the will of Edward the Confessor; in Domesday it is "the King's soc of Roteland", not being then a shire; and in the reign of John it was assigned as a dowry to Queen Isabella.[3]

The northwestern part of the county was recorded as Rutland, a detached part of Nottinghamshire, in Domesday Book; the south-eastern part as the wapentake of Wicelsea in Northamptonshire. It was first mentioned as a separate county in 1159, but as late as the 14th century it was referred to as the 'Soke of Rutland'. Historically it was also known as Rutlandshire, but in recent times only the shorter name is common.

Rutland may be from Old English hryþr or hrythr "cattle" and land "land", as a record from 1128 as Ritelanede shows. However, A Dictionary of British Place-Names by A D Mills gives an alternative etymology, "Rota's land", from the Old English (Anglo-Saxon) personal name and land land.[4] It is from the alternative interpretation of red land that the traditional nickname for a male person from Rutland, a "Raddle Man", derives.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Rutland
Ænglisc: Roteland
asturianu: Rutland
Bân-lâm-gú: Rutland
brezhoneg: Rutland
català: Rutland
čeština: Rutland
Cymraeg: Rutland
dansk: Rutland
Deutsch: Rutland
eesti: Rutland
español: Rutland
Esperanto: Rutland
euskara: Rutland
فارسی: راتلند
français: Rutland
Gaeilge: Rutland
Gaelg: Rutland
galego: Rutland
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Rutland
한국어: 러틀랜드주
हिन्दी: रटलैंड
Bahasa Indonesia: Rutland
interlingua: Rutland
íslenska: Rutland
italiano: Rutland
עברית: ראטלנד
kernowek: Rutland
Latina: Rutlandia
latviešu: Ratlenda
Lëtzebuergesch: Rutland
lietuvių: Rutlandas
magyar: Rutland
मराठी: रटलँड
日本語: ラトランド
norsk: Rutland
norsk nynorsk: Rutland
پنجابی: رٹلینڈ
polski: Rutland
português: Rutland
română: Rutland
Scots: Rutland
Simple English: Rutland
slovenčina: Rutland (Anglicko)
српски / srpski: Ратланд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rutland
suomi: Rutland
svenska: Rutland
українська: Рутленд
اردو: راٹلینڈ
Tiếng Việt: Rutland
Volapük: Rutland
Winaray: Rutland
ייִדיש: ראטלאנד
粵語: 律倫郡
中文: 拉特蘭