Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829)

Russo-Turkish War
Part of Russo-Turkish Wars, Russian conquest of the Caucasus, and Greek War of Independence
January Suchodolski - Akhaltsikhe siege.jpg
Battle of Akhalzic (1828), by January Suchodolski
LocationBalkans and the Caucasus
ResultRussian victory, Russian occupation of Danubian Principalities, Greek autonomy within the Ottoman Empire
Treaty of Adrianople (yielded to Russia: Danube Delta, Anapa, Sujuk-Qale (Novorossiysk), Poti, Akhaltsikhe, Akhalkalaki)
Russian Empire Russian Empire
First Hellenic Republic Greece
Cossacks of Hladkyi
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Russian Empire Nicholas I
Russian Empire Peter Wittgenstein
Russian Empire Ivan Paskevich
Russian Empire Hans Karl von Diebitsch
First Hellenic Republic Ioannis Kapodistrias
Ottoman Empire Mahmud II
Ottoman Empire Reşid Mehmed Pasha

The Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829 was sparked by the Greek War of Independence. The war broke out after the Sultan closed the Dardanelles to Russian ships and revoked the Akkerman Convention in retaliation for Russian participation in the Battle of Navarino.[2]

Opening hostilities

At the start of hostilities the Russian army of 100,000 men was commanded by Emperor Nicholas I, while the Ottoman forces were commanded by Hussein Pasha. In April and May 1828 the Russian commander-in-chief, Prince Peter Wittgenstein, moved into Romanian Principates Wallachia and Moldavia. In June 1828, the main Russian forces under the emperor crossed the Danube and advanced into Dobruja.[citation needed]

Action of 26 May 1829, by Nikolay Krasovsky.

The Russians then laid prolonged sieges to three key Ottoman citadels in modern Bulgaria: Shumla, Varna, and Silistra.[1] With the support of the Black Sea Fleet under Aleksey Greig, Varna was captured on 29 September. The siege of Shumla proved much more problematic, as the 40,000-strong Ottoman garrison outnumbered the Russian forces. As the latter were harassed by Turkish troops and ill-equipped, many of its soldiers died of disease or exhaustion. The campaign turned to be an embarrassing one for Russia, considered a great military power, as its troops had to withdraw to Moldavia with heavy losses without having captured Shumla and Silistra.[3]

Other Languages
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rusko-turski rat (1828–1829)