Henry Ross Perot ( /; June 27, 1930 – July 9, 2019) was an American , billionaire, philanthropist, and politician. He was the founder and business magnate of chief executive officer and Electronic Data Systems . He ran an Perot Systems independent presidential campaign in and a 1992 third-party campaign in , establishing the 1996 in the latter election. Both campaigns were among the strongest Reform Party in US history. presidential showings by a third party or independent candidate
Born and raised in
, Perot became a salesman for Texarkana, Texas after serving in the IBM . In 1962, he founded Electronic Data Systems, a data processing service company. In 1984, United States Navy bought a controlling interest in the company for $2.4 billion. Perot established General Motors in 1988 and was an Perot Systems for angel investor , a computer company founded by NeXT after he left Apple. Perot also became heavily involved in the Steve Jobs , arguing that hundreds of American servicemen were left behind in Vietnam War POW/MIA issue after the Southeast Asia . During the presidency of Vietnam War , Perot became increasingly active in politics and strongly opposed the George H. W. Bush and ratification of the Gulf War . North American Free Trade Agreement
In 1992, Perot announced his intention to run for president and advocated a balanced budget, an end to the
of jobs, and the enactment of outsourcing . A June 1992 Gallup poll showed Perot leading a three-way race against President Bush and presumptive Democratic nominee electronic direct democracy . Perot briefly withdrew from the race in July, but re-entered the race in early October after he qualified for all 50 state ballots. He chose Admiral Bill Clinton as his running mate and appeared in the 1992 debates with Bush and Clinton. In the election, Perot received 18.9% of the popular vote, but did not win any electoral votes. He won support from across the ideological and partisan spectrum, but performed best among self-described moderates. Perot ran for president again in 1996, establishing the Reform Party as a vehicle for his campaign. He won 8.4 percent of the popular vote against President Clinton and Republican nominee James Stockdale . Bob Dole
Perot did not seek public office again after 1996 and did not enter the
. He endorsed Republican 2000 Reform Party presidential primaries over Reform nominee George W. Bush in the 2000 election and supported Republican Pat Buchanan in 2008 and 2012. In 2009, Mitt Romney acquired Perot Systems for $3.9 billion. According to Dell Forbes, Perot was the 167th richest person in the United States as of 2016.
Early life, education, and military career
Perot was born in
, the son of Lula May ( Texarkana, Texas Ray) and Gabriel Ross Perot, née a  specializing in commodity broker contracts. His patrilineal line traces back to an immigrant to cotton in the 1740s. French Louisiana  He attended a private school called Patty Hill. He graduated from  in Texarkana in 1947. Texas High School One of Perot's childhood friends was  , who later became the Hayes McClerkin of the Speaker and a prominent lawyer in Arkansas House of Representatives . Texarkana, Arkansas
While in his teens, Perot changed his middle name from Ray to Ross to honor his father. Perot had an older brother, Gabriel Ross Jr., who died at an early age.
Perot joined the
and made Boy Scouts of America in 1942, after 13 months in the program. He was a recipient of the Eagle Scout . Distinguished Eagle Scout Award 
From 1947 to 1949, he attended Texarkana Junior College, then entered the
in 1949 and helped establish its United States Naval Academy . honor system  Perot said his appointment notice to the academy—sent by telegram—was sent by  , Texas's 34th governor and former senator. W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel Perot married Margot Birmingham of  , Greensburg , in 1956. Pennsylvania