A traditional five decade rosary in sterling silver.
An Egyptian, Coptic-style rosary featuring an extra
During the 16th century,
Pope Pius V associated the rosary with the
General Roman Calendar by instituting the Feast of Our Lady of Victory (later changed to
Our Lady of the Rosary), which is celebrated on 7 October.
Leo XIII, known as "The Rosary Pope", issued twelve
encyclicals and five
apostolic letters concerning the rosary and added the invocation Queen of the most Holy Rosary to the Litany of Loreto.
Pope Pius XII and his successors actively promoted veneration of the Virgin in
Fatima, which is credited with a new resurgence of the rosary within the Catholic Church.
Pope John Paul II issued the Apostolic Letter
Rosarium Virginis Mariae which emphasized the Christocentric nature of the Rosary as a meditation on the life of Christ.
Pope John XXIII deemed the rosary of such importance that on April 28, 1962 in an
apostolic letter he appealed for the recitation of the Rosary in preparation for the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council.
During 2002, Pope John Paul II said: “Through the Rosary the faithful receive abundant grace, as by the hands of the Mother of the Redeemer.
On 3 May 2008,
Pope Benedict XVI stated that the Rosary was experiencing a new springtime: "It is one of the most eloquent signs of love that the young generation nourish for Jesus and his Mother."
 To Benedict XVI, the rosary is a meditation on all the important moments of salvation history.
Congregation for Divine Worship's directory of popular piety and the liturgy emphasizes the Christian meditation/meditative aspects of the rosary, and states that the Rosary is essentially a contemplative prayer which requires "tranquility of rhythm or even a mental lingering which encourages the faithful to meditate on the mysteries of the Lord's life."
 The Congregation for Divine Worship points out the role the Rosary can have as a formative component of spiritual life.
Romano Guardini described the Roman Catholic emphasis on the rosary as "participation in the life of Mary, whose focus was Christ."
 This opinion was expressed earlier by Leo XIII who considered the rosary as way to accompany Mary in her contemplation of Christ.
Devotions and spirituality
Devotion to the rosary is one of the most notable features of popular Catholic
Pope John Paul II placed the rosary at the very center of Christian spirituality and called it "among the finest and most praiseworthy traditions of Christian contemplation."
Saints and popes have emphasized the meditative and contemplative elements of the rosary and provided specific teachings for how the rosary should be prayed, for instance the need for "focus, respect, reverence and purity of intention" during rosary recitations and contemplations.
From the sixteenth century onwards, rosary recitations often involved "picture texts" that assisted meditation. Such imagery continues to be used to depict the mysteries of the rosary. Saints have stressed the importance of meditation and contemplation. Scriptural meditations concerning the rosary are based on the Christian tradition of
Lectio Divina, (literally divine reading) as a way of using the
Gospel to start a conversation between the person and Christ.
Padre Pio, a rosary devotee, said: "Through the study of books one seeks God; by meditation one finds him."
References to the rosary have been part of a number of reported
Marian Apparitions spanning two centuries. The reported messages from these apparitions have influenced the spread of rosary devotion worldwide.
Quamquam pluries Pope Leo XIII related rosary devotions to
Saint Joseph and granted
indulgences for adding a prayer to St. Joseph to the Rosary during the month of October.
Praying the rosary may be prescribed by priests as a type of
confession. (Penance is not generally intended as a "punishment"; rather, it is meant to encourage meditation upon and spiritual growth from past sins.