Roma Capitale
Clockwise from top: the Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, Castel Sant'Angelo, Ponte Sant'Angelo, Trevi Fountain and the Pantheon
Flag of Rome.svg
Insigne Romanum coronatum.svg
Coat of arms
Etymology: Possibly Etruscan: Rumon, lit. 'river' (See #Etymology).
Urbs Aeterna (Latin)
The Eternal City

Caput Mundi (Latin)
The Capital of the world

Throne of St. Peter
The territory of the comune (Roma Capitale, in red) inside the Metropolitan City of Rome (Città Metropolitana di Roma, in yellow). The white area in the centre is Vatican City.
The territory of the comune (Roma Capitale, in red) inside the Metropolitan City of Rome (Città Metropolitana di Roma, in yellow). The white area in the centre is Vatican City.
Rome is located in Italy
Location within Italy
Rome is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 41°53′N 12°30′E / 41°53′N 12°30′E / 41.883; 12.500
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
CAP code(s)
00100; 00118 to 00199
Comune di Roma
Inscription1980 (4th Session)
Area1,431 ha (3,540 acres)

Rome (Latin and Italian: Roma [ˈroːma] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi),[1] it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy.[2] Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City (the smallest country in the world)[3] is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.[4][5]

Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.[6] The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded by some as the first ever metropolis.[7] It was first called The Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna; Italian: La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.[8][9] Rome is also called the "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.[10] In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance,[11] and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.

As in 2019 Rome is ranked as an Alpha - global city in the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[12] In 2016, Rome ranked as the 14th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.[13] Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[14] Host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The city also hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean[15] (UfM) as well as the headquarters of many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Its business district, called EUR, is the base of many companies involved in the oil industry, the pharmaceutical industry, and financial services. Rome is also an important fashion and design centre thanks to renowned international brands centered in the city. Rome's Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.[16]


Roman representation of Tiber as a god, Capitoline Hill in Rome

According to the founding myth of the city by the Ancient Romans themselves,[17] the long-held tradition of the origin of the name Roma is believed to have come from the city's founder and first king, Romulus.[18]

However, it is a possibility that the name Romulus was actually derived from Rome itself.[19] As early as the 4th century, there have been alternative theories proposed on the origin of the name Roma. Several hypotheses have been advanced focusing on its linguistic roots which however remain uncertain:[20]

  • from Rumon or Rumen, archaic name of the Tiber, which in turn has the same root as the Greek verb ῥέω (rhéō) and the Latin verb ruo, which both mean "flow";[b]
  • from the Etruscan word 𐌓𐌖𐌌𐌀 (ruma), whose root is *rum- "teat", with possible reference either to the totem wolf that adopted and suckled the cognately named twins Romulus and Remus, or to the shape of the Palatine and Aventine Hills;
  • from the Greek word ῥώμη (rhṓmē), which means strength.[c]
Other Languages
Acèh: Roma
адыгабзэ: Ромэ
Afrikaans: Rome
Alemannisch: Rom
አማርኛ: ሮማ
Ænglisc: Rōm
Аҧсшәа: Рим
العربية: روما
aragonés: Roma
armãneashti: Roma
arpetan: Roma
asturianu: Roma
Avañe'ẽ: Rróma
авар: Рум
Aymar aru: Roma
azərbaycanca: Roma
تۆرکجه: روم
bamanankan: Rome
বাংলা: রোম
Bân-lâm-gú: Lô-má
башҡортса: Рим
беларуская: Рым
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рым
भोजपुरी: रोम
Bikol Central: Roma
Bislama: Rome
български: Рим
Boarisch: Rom
བོད་ཡིག: རོ་མ།
bosanski: Rim
brezhoneg: Roma
буряад: Рим
català: Roma
Чӑвашла: Рим
Cebuano: Roma
čeština: Řím
Chamoru: Roma
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Roma
Chi-Chewa: Rome
chiShona: Rome
corsu: Roma
Cymraeg: Rhufain
dansk: Rom
davvisámegiella: Roma
Deitsch: Rom
Deutsch: Rom
dolnoserbski: Rom
डोटेली: रोम
eesti: Rooma
Ελληνικά: Ρώμη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Råmma
эрзянь: Рим ош
español: Roma
Esperanto: Romo
estremeñu: Roma
euskara: Erroma
eʋegbe: Rome
فارسی: رم
Fiji Hindi: Rome
føroyskt: Róm
français: Rome
Fulfulde: Rom
furlan: Rome
Gaeilge: An Róimh
Gaelg: Yn Raue
Gagauz: Roma
Gàidhlig: An Ròimh
galego: Roma
ГӀалгӀай: Рум
贛語: 羅馬
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍂𐌿𐌼𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Rom
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lò-mâ
한국어: 로마
Hausa: Rum
Hawaiʻi: Loma
հայերեն: Հռոմ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Հռոմ
हिन्दी: रोम
hornjoserbsce: Rom
hrvatski: Rim
Ido: Roma
Ilokano: Roma
Bahasa Indonesia: Roma
interlingua: Roma
Interlingue: Roma
Ирон: Ром
íslenska: Róm
italiano: Roma
עברית: רומא
Jawa: Roma
Kabɩyɛ: Room
kalaallisut: Roma
ಕನ್ನಡ: ರೋಮ್
къарачай-малкъар: Рим
ქართული: რომი
kaszëbsczi: Rzim
қазақша: Рим
kernowek: Rom
Kinyarwanda: Roma
Kirundi: Rome
Kiswahili: Roma
коми: Рим
Kongo: Roma
Kreyòl ayisyen: Wòm (Itali)
kurdî: Roma
Кыргызча: Рим
Ladino: Roma
لۊری شومالی: روم
Latina: Roma
latviešu: Roma
Lëtzebuergesch: Roum
лезги: Рим
lietuvių: Roma
Ligure: Romma
Limburgs: Roeme
lingála: Roma
Lingua Franca Nova: Roma
Livvinkarjala: Riimu
la .lojban.: romas
Luganda: Rome
lumbaart: Roma
magyar: Róma
मैथिली: रोम
македонски: Рим
Malagasy: Roma
മലയാളം: റോം
Malti: Ruma
Māori: Rōma
मराठी: रोम
მარგალური: რომი
مصرى: روما
Bahasa Melayu: Rom
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lò̤-mā
Mirandés: Roma
мокшень: Рим
монгол: Ром
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရောမမြို့
Nāhuatl: Roma
Dorerin Naoero: Roma
Nederlands: Rome (stad)
Nedersaksies: Rome
नेपाली: रोम
नेपाल भाषा: रोम
日本語: ローマ
Napulitano: Romma
нохчийн: Рум
Nordfriisk: Rom
Norfuk / Pitkern: Romaa
norsk: Roma
norsk nynorsk: Roma
Nouormand: Rome
Novial: Roma
occitan: Roma
олык марий: Рим
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ରୋମ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rim
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੋਮ
Pälzisch: Rom
پنجابی: روم
Papiamentu: Roma
Patois: Ruom
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទីក្រុងរ៉ូម
Picard: Rome
Piemontèis: Roma
Tok Pisin: Rom
Plattdüütsch: Rom
polski: Rzym
Ποντιακά: Ρώμη
português: Roma
Qaraqalpaqsha: Rome
qırımtatarca: Roma
reo tahiti: Roma
Ripoarisch: Rom
română: Roma
rumantsch: Roma
Runa Simi: Ruma
русиньскый: Рим
русский: Рим
саха тыла: Рим
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱨᱳᱢ
Gagana Samoa: Roma
संस्कृतम्: रोम-नगरम्
Sängö: Rome
sardu: Roma
Scots: Roum
Seeltersk: Room (Stääd)
Sesotho: Roma
shqip: Roma
sicilianu: Roma
Simple English: Rome
سنڌي: روم
slovenčina: Rím
slovenščina: Rim
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Римъ
ślůnski: Rzim
Soomaaliga: Roma
کوردی: ڕۆما
Sranantongo: Roma
српски / srpski: Рим
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rim
Basa Sunda: Roma
suomi: Rooma
svenska: Rom
Tagalog: Roma
தமிழ்: உரோம்
Taqbaylit: Roma
tarandíne: Rome
татарча/tatarça: Рим
తెలుగు: రోమ్
tetun: Roma
ไทย: โรม
тоҷикӣ: Рум
Tsetsêhestâhese: Roma
Tshivenda: Rome
Türkçe: Roma
Türkmençe: Rim
Twi: Roma
удмурт: Рим
українська: Рим
اردو: روم
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: رىم
vèneto: Roma
vepsän kel’: Rim
Tiếng Việt: Roma
Volapük: Roma
Võro: Rooma
walon: Rome
文言: 羅馬
West-Vlams: Rome (stee)
Winaray: Roma
Wolof: Rom
吴语: 罗马
ייִדיש: רוים
Yorùbá: Rómù
粵語: 羅馬
Zazaki: Roma
Zeêuws: Rome
žemaitėška: Ruoma
中文: 罗马