Roman legion

A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") was a large unit of the Roman army.

History of the term legion

In the early Roman Kingdom the "legion" may have meant the entire Roman army but sources on this period are few and unreliable.[1] The subsequent organization of legions varied greatly over time but legions were typically composed of around five thousand soldiers. During much of the Republican era, a legion was divided into three lines of ten maniples. In the late republic and much of the imperial period (from about 100 BC), a legion was divided into ten cohorts, each of six (or five) centuries. Legions also included a small ala or cavalry unit. By the third century AD, the legion was a much smaller unit of about 1,000 to 1,500 men, and there were more of them. In the fourth century AD, East Roman border guard legions (limitanei) may have become even smaller. In terms of organisation and function, the republican era legion may have been influenced by the ancient Greek and Macedonian phalanx.[2]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Legion
العربية: فيلق روماني
azərbaycanca: Roma legionu
беларуская: Рымскі легіён
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рымскі легіён
български: Легион
bosanski: Legija
brezhoneg: Lejion roman
català: Legió romana
čeština: Římská legie
eesti: Leegion
Ελληνικά: Λεγεώνα
español: Legión romana
Esperanto: Legio
فارسی: لژیونر
français: Légion romaine
Gàidhlig: Leigiun
한국어: 로마 군단
हिन्दी: रोमन लीजन
hrvatski: Legija
Bahasa Indonesia: Legiun Romawi
interlingua: Legion roman
italiano: Legione romana
עברית: לגיון
Latina: Legio Romana
lietuvių: Legionas
македонски: Римска легија
Nederlands: Legioen
日本語: ローマ軍団
occitan: Legion romana
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Legion
polski: Legion
português: Legião romana
română: Legiune
Simple English: Roman legion
slovenščina: Rimska legija
српски / srpski: Римска легија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Legija
suomi: Legioona
Türkçe: Roma lejyonu
українська: Римський легіон
Tiếng Việt: Binh đoàn La Mã
中文: 罗马军团