Roman Question

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Vatican City
The breach of Porta Pia, on the right, in a contemporaneous photograph.

The Roman Question (Italian: Questione romana; Latin: Quaestio Romana)[1] was a dispute regarding the temporal power of the popes as rulers of a civil territory in the context of the Italian Risorgimento. It ended with the Lateran Pacts between King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Pope Pius XI in 1929.

International interest

On 9 February 1849, the Roman Republic took over the government of the Papal States. In the following July, an intervention by French troops restored Pope Pius IX to power, making the Roman Question a hotly debated one even in the internal politics of France.[2]

In July 1859, after France and Austria made an agreement that ended the short Second Italian War of Independence, an article headed "The Roman Question" in the Westminster Review expressed the opinion that the Papal States should be deprived of the Adriatic provinces and be restricted to the territory around Rome.[3] This became a reality in the following year, when most of the Papal States were annexed by what became the Kingdom of Italy.

Other Languages
беларуская: Рымскае пытанне
Esperanto: Roma problemo
français: Question romaine
hrvatski: Rimsko pitanje
Bahasa Indonesia: Permasalahan Roma
къарачай-малкъар: Рим соруу
Bahasa Melayu: Persoalan Rom
日本語: ローマ問題
português: Questão Romana
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rimsko pitanje
українська: Римське питання
中文: 罗马问题