Role-playing is the changing of one's behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role. While the Oxford English Dictionary offers a definition of role-playing as "the changing of one's behaviour to fulfill a social role",[1] in the field of psychology, the term is used more loosely in four senses:

  • To refer to the playing of roles generally such as in a theatre, or educational setting;
  • To refer to taking a role of an existing character or person and acting it out with a partner taking someone else's role, often involving different genres of practice;
  • To refer to a wide range of games including role-playing video game (RPG), play-by-mail games and more;
  • To refer specifically to role-playing games.[2]


Many children participate in a form of role-playing known as make believe, wherein they adopt certain roles such as doctor and act out those roles in character. Sometimes make believe adopts an oppositional nature, resulting in games such as cops and robbers.

Other Languages
العربية: لعب الأدوار
فارسی: بازی نقش
français: Jeu de rôle
한국어: 역할연기
հայերեն: Դերային խաղ
italiano: Role playing
日本語: 役割演技
norsk nynorsk: Rollespel
polski: Role-playing
српски / srpski: Играње улога