Ca' rezzonico, salone da ballo, quadrature di pietro visconti e affreschi di g.b. crosato (caduta di febo e 4 continenti), 1753, 02.jpg
Charles Cressent, Chest of drawers, c. 1730 at Waddesdon Manor.jpg
Kaisersaal Würzburg.jpg
Ballroom ceiling of the Ca Rezzonico in Venice with illusionistic quadratura painting by Giovanni Battista Crosato (1753); Chest of drawers by Charles Cressent (1730); Kaisersaal of Wurzburg Residence by Balthasar Neumann(1749–51)
Years active1730s to 1760s
CountryFrance, Italy, Central Europe

Rococo (/ or /), less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", is a highly ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors, sculpted molding, and trompe l'oeil frescoes to create the illusions of surprise, motion and drama. It first appeared in France and Italy in the 1730s and spread to Central Europe in the 1750s and 1760s.[1][2][3] It is often described as the final expression of the Baroque movement.[4]

The Rococo style began in France in the first part of the 18th century in the reign of Louis XV as a reaction against the more formal and geometric Style Louis XIV. It was known as the style rocaille, or rocaille style.[2] It soon spread to other parts of Europe, particularly northern Italy, Bavaria, Austria, other parts of Germany, and Russia. It also came to influence the other arts, particularly sculpture, furniture, silverware and glassware, painting, music, and theatre.[5]

Origin of the term

Integrated rococo carving, stucco and fresco at Zwiefalten Abbey (1739–45)

The word rococo was first used as a humorous variation of the word rocaille.[6][7] Rocaille was originally a method of decoration, using pebbles, seashells and cement, which was often used to decorate grottoes and fountains since the Renaissance.[8][9] In the late 17th and early 18th century rocaille became the term for a kind of decorative motif or ornament that appeared in the late Style Louis XIV, in the form of a seashell interlaced with acanthus leaves. In 1736 the designer and jeweler Jean Mondon published the Premier Livre de forme rocquaille et cartel, a collection of designs for ornaments of furniture and interior decoration. It was the first appearance in print of the term "rocaille" to designate the style.[10] The carved or molded seashell motif was combined with palm leaves or twisting vines to decorate doorways, furniture, wall panels and other architectural elements.[11]

The term rococo was first used in print in 1825 to describe decoration which was "out of style and old-fashioned." It was used in 1828 for decoration "which belonged to the style of the 18th century, overloaded with twisting ornaments." In 1829 the author Stendhal described rococo as "the rocaille style of the 18th century."[12]

In the 19th century, the term was used to describe architecture or music which was excessively ornamental.[13][14] Since the mid-19th century, the term has been accepted by art historians. While there is still some debate about the historical significance of the style, Rococo is now often considered as a distinct period in the development of European art.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Rococo
Alemannisch: Rokoko
العربية: روكوكو
asturianu: Rococó
azərbaycanca: Rokoko
беларуская: Ракако
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ракако
български: Рококо
bosanski: Rokoko
català: Rococó
Чӑвашла: Рококо
čeština: Rokoko
dansk: Rokoko
Deutsch: Rokoko
eesti: Rokokoo
Ελληνικά: Ροκοκό
español: Rococó
Esperanto: Rokoko
euskara: Rokoko
فارسی: روکوکو
français: Rococo
Frysk: Rokoko
Gaeilge: Rocócó
galego: Rococó
한국어: 로코코
հայերեն: Ռոկոկո
hrvatski: Rokoko
Ido: Rokoko
Bahasa Indonesia: Rokoko
íslenska: Rókokó
italiano: Rococò
עברית: רוקוקו
Basa Jawa: Rokoko
ქართული: როკოკო
latviešu: Rokoko
Lëtzebuergesch: Rokoko
lietuvių: Rokokas
Limburgs: Rococo
magyar: Rokokó
македонски: Рококо
مصرى: روكوكو
Nederlands: Rococo
Nedersaksies: Rokoko
日本語: ロココ
norsk: Rokokko
norsk nynorsk: Rokokko
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੋਕੋਕੋ
پنجابی: رکوکو
polski: Rokoko
português: Rococó
română: Rococo
русский: Рококо
Scots: Rococo
Seeltersk: Rokoko
Simple English: Rococo
slovenčina: Rokoko
slovenščina: Rokoko
српски / srpski: Рококо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rokoko
suomi: Rokokoo
svenska: Rokoko
Tagalog: Rococo
Türkçe: Rokoko
українська: Рококо
Tiếng Việt: Rococo
中文: 洛可可