Robert Metcalfe

Robert Melancton Metcalfe
Robert Metcalfe National Medal of Technology.jpg
Robert Metcalfe wearing the US National Medal of Technology (2003)
Born (1946-04-07) April 7, 1946 (age 72)
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Alma materMIT - B.S. Electrical Engineering, B.S. Industrial Management, 1969
Harvard University - M.S. Applied Mathematics, 1970; Ph.D. Computer Science (Applied Mathematics), 1973
Known forInternet pioneer, Ethernet inventor, 3Com founder, Metcalfe's Law
Scientific career
FieldsComputer networking
Computer science
Innovation and Entrepreneurship
InstitutionsMIT, Xerox PARC, 3Com, IDG/InfoWord, Polaris Venture Partners, The University of Texas at Austin.
Packet Communication (1973)
Doctoral advisorJeffrey P. Buzen

Robert Melancton Metcalfe (born April 7, 1946[2]) is an engineer-entrepreneur from the United States who helped pioneer the Internet starting in 1970, co-invented Ethernet, co-founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfe's law. Starting in January 2011, he is Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship at The University of Texas at Austin. He is also the Murchison Fellow of Free Enterprise.[3]

Metcalfe has received various awards, including the IEEE Medal of Honor and National Medal of Technology and Innovation for his work developing Ethernet technology.

In addition to his accomplishments, Metcalfe is also known for incorrectly predicting the demise of the Internet, wireless networks, and open-source software during the 1990s.

Early life

Robert Metcalfe was born in 1946 in Brooklyn, New York. His father was a gyroscope test technician, who specialized in gyroscopes. His mother was a homemaker but later became the secretary at Bay Shore High School. In 1964, Metcalfe graduated from Bay Shore High School to join the MIT Class of 1968. He finally graduated from MIT in 1969 with two S.B. degrees, one in electrical engineering and the other in industrial management from the MIT Sloan School of Management. He then went to Harvard for graduate school, earning his M.S. in applied mathematics in 1970 and his PhD in computer science (applied mathematics) in 1973.

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