Roald Dahl bibliography

Roald Dahl
bibliography
Roald Dahl.jpg
Dahl in 1954
Novels19
Collections13
Poems3
Scripts12
Books edited1
Non-fiction9
References and footnotes

Roald Dahl (1916–1990) was a British author and scriptwriter,[1] and "the most popular writer of children's books since Enid Blyton", according to Philip Howard, the literary editor of The Times.[2] He was raised by his Norwegian mother, who took him on annual trips to Norway, where she told him the stories of trolls and witches present in the dark Scandinavian fables. Dahl was influenced by the stories, and returned to many of the themes in his children's books.[3] His mother also nurtured a passion in the young Dahl for reading and literature.[4]

During the Second World War Dahl was a pilot in the Royal Air Force (RAF) until he crashed in the Libyan desert; the subsequent injuries left him unfit to fly. He was posted to Washington as an assistant air attaché, ostensibly a diplomatic post, but which also included espionage and propaganda work.[5] In 1942 the writer C. S. Forester asked him to provide details of his experiences in North Africa which Forester hoped to use in an article in The Saturday Evening Post. Instead of the notes which Forester expected, Dahl sent a finished story for which he was paid $900. The work led to The Gremlins, a serialised story in Cosmopolitan about a mischievous and fictional RAF creature, the gremlin; the work was published as Dahl's first novel in 1943.[6] Dahl continued to write short stories, although these were all aimed at the adult market. They were sold to magazines and newspapers, and were later compiled into collections, the first of which was published in 1946.[7] Dahl began to make up bedtime stories for the children, and these formed the basis of several of his stories.[8][9] His first children's novel, James and the Giant Peach, was published in 1961,[10] which was followed, along with others, by Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964), Fantastic Mr Fox (1970), Danny, the Champion of the World (1975), The BFG (1982) and Matilda in 1988.[11]

Dahl's first script was for a stage work, The Honeys, which appeared on Broadway in 1955. He followed this with a television script, "Lamb to the Slaughter", for the Alfred Hitchcock Presents series. He also co-wrote screenplays for film, including for You Only Live Twice (1967) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968).[12][13] In 1982 Dahl published the first of three editions of poems—all aimed at children. The following year he edited a book of ghost stories.[14] He also wrote several works of non-fiction, including three autobiographies, a cookery book, a safety leaflet for the British railways and a book on measles, which was about the death of his daughter Olivia from measles encephalitis.[14][15]

As at 2019, Dahl's works have been translated into 63 languages and have sold more than 200 million books worldwide.[16][17] His awards for contribution to literature include the 1983 World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement, and the British Book Awards' Children's Author of the Year in 1990. In 2008 The Times placed Dahl 16th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".[18] He has been referred to by The Independent as "one of the greatest storytellers for children of the 20th century".[19] On his death in 1990, Howard considered him "one of the most widely read and influential writers of our generation".[2]

Novels

Head and shoulders photograph of Dahl, wearing jacket and tie; his hair is receding
Dahl in 1982
Dahl's novels
Title[14][15][20][21][22] Year of first
publication
First edition publisher Scope
The Gremlins 1943 Random House, New York Children
Sometime Never: A Fable for Supermen[a] 1948 Charles Scribner's Sons, New York Adult
James and the Giant Peach 1961 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 1964 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
The Magic Finger 1966 Harper & Row, New York Children
Fantastic Mr Fox 1970 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator 1972 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
Danny, the Champion of the World 1975 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
The Enormous Crocodile 1978 Alfred A. Knopf, New York Children
My Uncle Oswald 1979 Michael Joseph, London Adult
The Twits 1980 Jonathan Cape, London Children
George's Marvellous Medicine 1981 Jonathan Cape, London Children
The BFG 1982 Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York Children
The Witches 1983 Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York Children
The Giraffe and the Pelly and Me 1985 Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York Children
Matilda 1988 Viking Kestrel, New York Children
Esio Trot 1990 Jonathan Cape, London Children
The Vicar of Nibbleswicke 1991 Century, London Children
The Minpins 1991 Jonathan Cape, London Children
Other Languages