Ring road

The inner ring road of Sheffield, England

A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country. The most common purpose of a ring road is to assist in reducing traffic volumes in the urban centre, such as by offering an alternate route around the city for drivers who do not need to stop in the city core.

Nomenclature

The name "ring road" is used for the majority of metropolitan circumferential routes in the European Union, such as the Berliner Ring, the Brussels Ring, the Amsterdam Ring, the Boulevard Périphérique around Paris and the Leeds Inner and Outer ring roads. Australia, Pakistan and India also use the term ring road, as in Melbourne's Western Ring Road, Lahore's Lahore Ring Road and Hyderabad's Outer Ring Road. In Canada the term is the most commonly used, with "orbital" also used, but to a much lesser extent.

In Europe, some ring roads, particularly those of motorway standard which are longer in length, are often known as "orbital motorways". Examples include the London Orbital (188 km) and Rome Orbital (68 km).

In the United States, many ring roads are called beltlines, beltways, or loops, such as the Capital Beltway around Washington, D.C. Some ring roads, such as Washington's Capital Beltway, use "Inner Loop" and "Outer Loop" terminology for directions of travel, since cardinal (compass) directions cannot be signed uniformly around the entire loop. The term 'ring road' is occasionally – and inaccurately – used interchangeably with the term 'bypass'.

Other Languages
العربية: طريق دائري
dansk: Ringvej
Deutsch: Ringstraße
Esperanto: Pretervojo
euskara: Saihesbide
فارسی: کمربندی
한국어: 순환선
Bahasa Indonesia: Jalan lingkar
italiano: Tangenziale
עברית: כביש טבעת
Bahasa Melayu: Jalan lingkaran
Nederlands: Ringweg
norsk: Ringvei
norsk nynorsk: Ringveg
polski: Obwodnica
português: Rodoanel
suomi: Kehätie
svenska: Ringled
Türkçe: Çevreyolu
Tiếng Việt: Đường vành đai