Rif Republic

Confederal Republic of the Tribes of the Rif
ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ: Tagduda n Arrif
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Territory of Spanish Morocco under control of the Rif Republic (outlined in red)[citation needed]
LanguagesRiffian Berber
 • 1921–1926Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi
Prime Minister
 • 1923–1926Hajj Hatmi
Historical eraInterwar period
 • EstablishedSeptember 18, 1921
 • DisestablishedMay 27, 1926
CurrencyRif Republic riffan
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Spanish Morocco
Spanish Morocco
Today part of Morocco

The Republic of the Rif (Berber languages: ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ, Tagduda n Arrif, officially The Confederal Republic of the Tribes of the Rif) was a republic in northern Morocco that existed between 1921 and 1926. It was created in September 1921, when the people of the Rif revolted and declared their independence from Spanish occupation as well as from the Moroccan sultan Yusef.[1][2][3]


Its capital city was Ajdir, its currency the Rif Republic's Riffan, its national Independence Day was held on 18 September, and its total population was an estimated 550,000 people. The independence of the Rif was proclaimed on 18 September 1921, with Mohand Abd el-Krim as its president or leader. The Republic of the Rif was formally constituted 1 February 1923, with Abd el-Krim as head of state. Its prime minister, from July 1923 to 27 May 1926, was ben Hajj Hatmi and General Driss Riffi Temsamani was named Basha or Governor of the Rif. It was dissolved by Spanish and French occupation forces on 27 May 1926, after the long and bloody battles of the Rif War in which German-designed chemical weapons were used against the Berber populations by Spanish occupation forces.

Other Languages
brezhoneg: Republik ar Rif
Deutsch: Rif-Republik
Esperanto: Respubliko Rif
Bahasa Indonesia: Republik Rif
latviešu: Rīfa republika
lietuvių: Rifo respublika
Nederlands: Rif-Republiek
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rif respublikasi
پنجابی: ریف جمہوریہ
português: República do Rife
svenska: Rifrepubliken
Taqbaylit: Tagduda n Arrif
Türkçe: Rif Cumhuriyeti