Richard Sorge in 1940
|Born||October 4, 1895|
|Died||November 7, 1944 (aged 49)|
|Years of service||Germany 1914–1916, USSR 1920–1941|
|Spouse(s)||Christiane Gerlach (1921–1929)|
Richard Sorge (October 4, 1895 – November 7, 1944) was a
In mid-September 1941, he informed the Soviets that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union in the near future, which dramatically altered the plight of Operation Barbarossa and allowed the command to transfer 18 divisions, 1,700 tanks, and over 1,500 aircraft from
A month later Sorge was arrested in Japan on the counts of espionage. He was tortured, forced to confess, tried, and hanged in November 1944. He was posthumously awarded the title of
Sorge was born in the settlement of
The one thing that made my life a little different from the average was a strong awareness of the fact that I had been born in the
southern Caucasusand that we had moved to Berlinwhen I was very small.
Sorge describes his father as having political views that were "unmistakably nationalist and imperialist", which he shared as a young man.
Sorge enlisted in the
During his convalescence he read Marx and became a