Richard Poore

Richard Poore
Bishop of Durham
Richard Poore.jpg
Sculpture on the west front of Salisbury Cathedral of Richard Poore, holding a model of the Cathedral in his hand.
Appointed14 May 1228
Term ended15 April 1237
PredecessorWilliam Scot
SuccessorThomas de Melsonby
Other postsBishop of Chichester
Bishop of Salisbury
Dean of Salisbury
Consecration25 January 1215
Personal details
Died15 April 1237
Tarrant Keyneston, Dorset
Buriedprobably church at Tarrant Keyneston, Dorset

Richard Poore or Poor (died 15 April 1237) was a medieval English Bishop best known for his role in the establishment of Salisbury Cathedral and the City of Salisbury, moved from the nearby fortress of Old Sarum. He served as Bishop of Chichester, Bishop of Salisbury and Bishop of Durham.

Early life

Poore was probably the son of Richard of Ilchester, also known as Richard Toclive, who served as Bishop of Winchester.[1] He was the brother of Herbert Poore, who served as bishop of Salisbury from 1194 to 1217.[2] Richard studied under Stephen Langton at Paris.[3] Richard Poore became Dean of Salisbury in 1197, and unsuccessfully was nominated to the see of Winchester in 1205[4] and attained the see of Durham in 1213.[2][5] His election to Durham was disallowed by Pope Innocent III before it was made public, probably because the pope knew that King John wished for the translation of his advisor John de Gray from the see of Norwich to Durham.[6] During the interdict on England during King John's reign, Richard returned to Paris to teach until the interdict was lifted.[7]

It was probably during these years before Poore held an episcopal office that he completed Osmund's Institutio, as well as his own works the Ordinale and the Consuetudinarium. The Institutio detailed the duties of the cathedral clergy at Salisbury, along with their rights. The Ordinale covered the liturgy, and how the various specialised services interacted with the basic divine service. The last work, the Consuetudinarium, gave the customs of Salisbury itself. Both the Consuetudinarium and the Ordinale were basically guides to the Sarum Rite, the usual form of liturgy in thirteenth century England.[7] While he was dean, he also encouraged Robert of Flamborough to write a penitential.[8]

Poore was Bishop of Chichester in 1215, being elected about 7 January[9] and consecrated on 25 January at Reading.[10] He attended the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215.[11] He also served as one of the executors of King John's estate.[7]

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