Rhododendron ponticum

Rhododendron ponticum
Pontische rododendron struik (Rhododendron ponticum).jpg
Scientific classification
Species:R. ponticum
Binomial name
Rhododendron ponticum
R. ponticum flower

Rhododendron ponticum, called common rhododendron or pontic rhododendron, is a species of Rhododendron native to southern Europe and southwest Asia.


R. ponticum is a dense, suckering shrub or small tree growing to 5 m (16 ft) tall, rarely 8 m (26 ft). The leaves are evergreen, 6 to 18 cm (2.4 to 7.1 in) long and 2 to 5 cm (0.79 to 1.97 in) wide. The flowers are 3.5 to 5 cm (1.4 to 2.0 in) in diameter, violet-purple, often with small greenish-yellow spots or streaks. The fruit is a dry capsule 1.5 to 2.5 cm (0.59 to 0.98 in) long, containing numerous small seeds.

The two subspecies are:

  • R. p. ponticum, found from Bulgaria east to Georgia
  • R. p. baeticum (Boiss. & Reut.) Hand.-Mazz. found in Spain and Portugal