Rhinoceros

  • rhinoceros
    temporal range: eocene–present
    preЄ
    Є
    o
    s
    d
    c
    p
    t
    j
    k
    pg
    n
    diceros bicornis.jpg
    a black rhinoceros (diceros bicornis) at the saint louis zoo.
    scientific classification e
    kingdom: animalia
    phylum: chordata
    class: mammalia
    order: perissodactyla
    superfamily: rhinocerotoidea
    family: rhinocerotidae
    gray, 1820
    extant genera

    ceratotherium
    dicerorhinus
    diceros
    rhinoceros
    extinct genera, see text

    rhinocerotidae distribution map en.png
    rhinoceros range

    a rhinoceros (s/, from greek rhinokerōs, meaning 'nose-horned', from rhis, meaning 'nose', and keras, meaning 'horn'), commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species therein. two of the extant species are native to africa, and three to southern asia. the term "rhinoceros" is often more broadly applied to now extinct species of the superfamily rhinocerotoidea.

    members of the rhinoceros family are some of the largest remaining megafauna, with all species able to reach or exceed one tonne in weight. they have a herbivorous diet, small brains (400–600 g) for mammals of their size, one or two horns, and a thick (1.5–5 cm) protective skin formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure. they generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary. unlike other perissodactyls, the two african species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.[1]

    rhinoceros are killed by some humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and used by some cultures for ornaments or traditional medicine. east asia, specifically vietnam, is the largest market for rhino horns. by weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. people grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties.[2][3] the horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails.[4] both african species and the sumatran rhinoceros have two horns, while the indian and javan rhinoceros have a single horn. the iucn red list identifies the black, javan, and sumatran rhinoceros as critically endangered.

  • taxonomy and naming
  • characteristics
  • evolution
  • predators, poaching and hunting
  • horn trade and use
  • historical representations
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Rhinoceros
Temporal range: Eocene–Present
Diceros bicornis.jpg
A Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) at the Saint Louis Zoo.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Superfamily: Rhinocerotoidea
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Gray, 1820
Extant genera

Ceratotherium
Dicerorhinus
Diceros
Rhinoceros
Extinct genera, see text

Rhinocerotidae distribution map en.png
Rhinoceros range

A rhinoceros (s/, from Greek rhinokerōs, meaning 'nose-horned', from rhis, meaning 'nose', and keras, meaning 'horn'), commonly abbreviated to rhino, is one of any five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae, as well as any of the numerous extinct species therein. Two of the extant species are native to Africa, and three to Southern Asia. The term "rhinoceros" is often more broadly applied to now extinct species of the superfamily Rhinocerotoidea.

Members of the rhinoceros family are some of the largest remaining megafauna, with all species able to reach or exceed one tonne in weight. They have a herbivorous diet, small brains (400–600 g) for mammals of their size, one or two horns, and a thick (1.5–5 cm) protective skin formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary. Unlike other perissodactyls, the two African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.[1]

Rhinoceros are killed by some humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and used by some cultures for ornaments or traditional medicine. East Asia, specifically Vietnam, is the largest market for rhino horns. By weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties.[2][3] The horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails.[4] Both African species and the Sumatran rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan rhinoceros have a single horn. The IUCN Red List identifies the Black, Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceros as critically endangered.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Renoster
Alemannisch: Nashorn
አማርኛ: አውራሪስ
العربية: كركدنيات
arpetan: Rinocèros
asturianu: Rhinocerotidae
Avañe'ẽ: Tĩatĩ
azərbaycanca: Kərgədanlar
تۆرکجه: کرگدن
Bali: Warak
বাংলা: গণ্ডার
Bân-lâm-gú: Sai-gû
башҡортса: Мөгөҙморондар
беларуская: Насарогі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Насарогі
български: Носорози
བོད་ཡིག: བསེ་རུ།
bosanski: Nosorog
brezhoneg: Frikorneg
català: Rinoceronts
čeština: Nosorožcovití
chiShona: Chipembere
dansk: Næsehorn
Deutsch: Nashörner
Diné bizaad: Déélgééd
Ελληνικά: Ρινόκερος
español: Rhinocerotidae
Esperanto: Rinoceredoj
euskara: Errinozero
فارسی: کرگدن
føroyskt: Nashyrningur
français: Rhinocéros
Gàidhlig: Sròn-adharcach
galego: Rinocerontes
ГӀалгӀай: Бирнал
хальмг: Орңһ
한국어: 코뿔소
հայերեն: Ռնգեղջյուր
हिन्दी: गैण्डा
hrvatski: Nosorozi
Bahasa Indonesia: Badak
íslenska: Nashyrningur
italiano: Rhinocerotidae
עברית: קרנפיים
Jawa: Warak
kalaallisut: Siissisoq
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಖಡ್ಗಮೃಗ
kernowek: Trongornvil
Kiswahili: Kifaru
коми: Сюраныр
Kongo: Kifalu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Rinoseròs
kurdî: Kerkedan
Кыргызча: Кериктер
лакку: Каргадан
latviešu: Degunradži
lietuvių: Raganosiniai
Limburgs: Neushores
lingála: Kánga
Lingua Franca Nova: Rinosero
मैथिली: गैंडा
македонски: Носорог
മലയാളം: കാണ്ടാമൃഗം
मराठी: गेंडा
مازِرونی: کرگردن
Bahasa Melayu: Badak sumbu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Să̤-ngiù
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြံ့
Nederlands: Neushoorns
नेपाली: गैंडा
नेपाल भाषा: धिर्मेय्
日本語: サイ
нохчийн: МармаӀ
Nordfriisk: Nööshurner
norsk: Neshorn
norsk nynorsk: Nashorn
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗଣ୍ଡା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karkidonlar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੈਂਡਾ
پنجابی: گینڈا
português: Rinoceronte
română: Rinocer
Runa Simi: Sinqawaqra
русский: Носороговые
Scots: Rhinoceros
Sesotho: Tšukulu
Simple English: Rhinoceros
slovenčina: Nosorožcovité
slovenščina: Nosorogi
Soomaaliga: Wiyil
српски / srpski: Носорози
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nosorozi
Sunda: Badak
svenska: Noshörningar
Tagalog: Rinosero
Taqbaylit: Awamɣil
татарча/tatarça: Мөгезборын
ไทย: แรด
тоҷикӣ: Каркадан
Türkçe: Gergedan
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kil
удмурт: Носорог
українська: Носорогові
اردو: گینڈا
Tiếng Việt: Tê giác
吴语: 犀牛
粵語: 犀牛
中文: 犀牛