Rhineland

Coat of arms of the Rhineland

The Rhineland (German: Rheinland, French: Rhénanie, Latinised name: Rhenania) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.

Term

The Rhine Province (green) as of 1830 superimposed on modern borders.

Historically, the Rhinelands[1] refers (physically speaking) to a loosely defined region embracing the land on the banks of the Rhine in Central Europe, which were settled by Ripuarian and Salian Franks and became part of Frankish Austrasia. In the High Middle Ages, numerous Imperial States along the river emerged from the former stem duchy of Lotharingia, without developing any common political or cultural identity.

A "Rhineland" conceptualization did not evolve until the 19th century after the War of the First Coalition, when a short-lived Cisrhenian Republic was established on territory conquered by French troops. The term covered the whole occupied zone west of the Rhine (German: Linkes Rheinufer) including the bridgeheads on the eastern banks. After the collapse of the French dominated West Bank in the early 19th century, the regions of Lower Rhine and Jülich-Cleves-Berg were annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1822 the Prussian administration reorganized the territory as the Rhine Province (also known as Rhenish Prussia), a term continuing in the names of the German states of Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia.

Following the First World War, the western part of Rhineland was occupied by Entente forces, then demilitarized under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles and then the 1925 Locarno Treaties. German forces remilitarized the territory in 1936, as part of a diplomatic test of will, three years before the outbreak of the Second World War.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Rheinland
Ænglisc: Rīnland
العربية: راينلاند
arpetan: Renania
asturianu: Renania
беларуская: Рэйнская вобласць
български: Рейнланд
brezhoneg: Rheinland
català: Renània
čeština: Porýní
Cymraeg: Y Rheindir
dansk: Rheinland
Deutsch: Rheinland
eesti: Reinimaa
Ελληνικά: Ρηνανία
español: Renania
Esperanto: Rejnlando
euskara: Renania
فارسی: راینلاند
français: Rhénanie
galego: Renania
한국어: 라인란트
հայերեն: Ռեյնլանդ
hrvatski: Porajnje
Bahasa Indonesia: Rheinland
italiano: Renania
עברית: חבל הריין
ქართული: რაინლანდი
Latina: Rhenania
latviešu: Reinzeme
lietuvių: Reino kraštas
Limburgs: Rienlaand
lumbaart: Renania
македонски: Рајнска област
മലയാളം: റൈൻലാൻഡ്
Bahasa Melayu: Rhineland
norsk: Rhinland
norsk nynorsk: Rhinland
polski: Nadrenia
português: Renânia
Ripoarisch: Rhingland
română: Renania
Scots: Rhineland
Simple English: Rhineland
slovenčina: Porýnie
slovenščina: Porenje
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Porajnje
suomi: Reininmaa
svenska: Rhenlandet
Tagalog: Renania
Türkçe: Renanya
українська: Рейнська область
Tiếng Việt: Rheinland
中文: 莱茵兰