Research

Basrelief sculpture "Research holding the torch of knowledge" (1896) by Olin Levi Warner. Library of Congress, Thomas Jefferson Building, Washington, D.C.

Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications."[1] It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student's research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc.

Etymology

Aristotle, (384–322 BC), one of the early figures in the development of the scientific method.[2]

The word research is derived from the Middle French "recherche", which means "to go about seeking", the term itself being derived from the Old French term "recerchier" a compound word from "re-" + "cerchier", or "sercher", meaning 'search'.[3] The earliest recorded use of the term was in 1577.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: بحث علمي
aragonés: Investigación
asturianu: Investigación
Avañe'ẽ: Kundaha
azərbaycanca: Tədqiq
bamanankan: Ɲinini
বাংলা: গবেষণা
беларуская: Даследаванне
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дасьледаваньне
български: Изследване
bosanski: Istraživanje
català: Investigació
čeština: Výzkum
corsu: Ricerca
Cymraeg: Ymchwil
dansk: Forskning
Deutsch: Forschung
español: Investigación
فارسی: پژوهش
Gaeilge: Taighde
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngiên-kiu
한국어: 연구
हिन्दी: अनुसंधान
hrvatski: Istraživanje
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গবেষনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Penelitian
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᖅ
íslenska: Rannsókn
עברית: מחקר
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸಂಶೋಧನೆ
Kiswahili: Utafiti
Kreyòl ayisyen: Rechèch
latviešu: Pētniecība
Lëtzebuergesch: Fuerschung
lingála: Nduka
മലയാളം: ഗവേഷണം
मराठी: संशोधन
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သုတေသန
नेपाली: अनुसन्धान
日本語: 研究
norsk: Forskning
norsk nynorsk: Forsking
occitan: Recèrca
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ilmiy tadqiqot
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਖੋਜ
پښتو: څېړنه
português: Pesquisa
română: Cercetare
Runa Simi: K'uskiykuy
русский: Исследование
Scots: Resairch
shqip: Hulumtimi
සිංහල: පර්යේෂණ
Simple English: Research
سنڌي: تحقيق
slovenčina: Výskum
slovenščina: Raziskovalna dejavnost
Soomaaliga: Cilmi Baaris
کوردی: کۆڵینەوە
српски / srpski: Истраживање
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istraživanje
Basa Sunda: Panalungtikan
suomi: Tutkimus
svenska: Forskning
Tagalog: Pananaliksik
தமிழ்: ஆய்வு
татарча/tatarça: Фәнни тикшеренү
తెలుగు: పరిశోధన
Türkçe: Araştırma
українська: Дослідження
اردو: تحقیق
vèneto: Ricerca
Tiếng Việt: Nghiên cứu
Winaray: Panhalikwát
ייִדיש: פארשונג
粵語: 研究
中文: 研究