Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)
Republic of the Congo
République du Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
République démocratique du Congo
Motto: "Justice – Paix – Travail" (
"Justice – Peace – Work"
|30 June 1960|
|30 December 1961|
|15 January 1963|
• Country renamed DRC
|1 August 1964|
• Coup d'état
|25 November 1965|
• Name changed to
|27 October 1971|
|2,345,410 km2 (905,570 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| |
The Republic of the Congo (
The period between 1960 and 1965 is referred to as the First Congolese Republic, and the current
Unrest and rebellion continued to plague the government until 1965,[
Conditions in the Congo improved following the Belgian government's takeover in 1908 of the
The colonial administration implemented a variety of economic reforms to improve infrastructure: railways, ports, roads, mines, plantations and industrial areas. The Congolese people, however, lacked political power and faced legal discrimination. All colonial policies were decided in Brussels and Léopoldville. The Belgian Colony-secretary and Governor-general, neither elected by the Congolese people, wielded absolute power.
Among the Congolese people, resistance against their undemocratic regime grew over time. In 1955, the Congolese upper class (the so-called "