Republic of the Congo (Léopoldville)
Republic of the Congo
République du Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
République démocratique du Congo
Motto: "Justice – Paix – Travail" (
"Justice – Peace – Work"
|30 June 1960|
|30 December 1961|
|16 January 1962|
|15 January 1963|
• Country renamed DRC
|1 August 1964|
|25 November 1965|
|27 October 1971|
|2,345,410 km2 (905,570 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| |
The Republic of the Congo (
The period between 1960 and 1965 is referred to as the First Congolese Republic, while the current
Conditions in the Congo improved following the Belgian government's takeover in 1908 of the
The colonial administration implemented a variety of economic reforms to improve infrastructure: railways, ports, roads, mines, plantations and industrial areas. The Congolese people, however, lacked political power and faced legal discrimination. All colonial policies were decided in Brussels and Léopoldville. The Belgian Colony-secretary and Governor-general, neither elected by the Congolese people, wielded absolute power.
Among the Congolese people, resistance against their undemocratic regime grew over time. In 1955, the Congolese upper class (the so-called "