Republic of Korea Army
|Republic of Korea Army|
Coat of arms of the Republic of Korea Army
|Founded||September 5, 1948|
552 aircraft (2014)
|Part of|| |
|Nickname(s)||"ROK Army", "ROKA", "South Korean army"|
|Motto(s)||"A Strong Friend, Republic of Korea Army"|
|March||"Army Anthem" (|
|Minister of National Defense||Minister Song Young-Moo|
|Chief of Army Staff|
The Republic of Korea Army (ROKA;
The army will take the brunt of the personnel reduction planned as part of the Defense Reform 307. Associated with this personnel reduction would be a significant reduction in the ROK Army force structure, in particular decreasing the current force of 47 divisions (active duty/reserve) and 495,000 soldiers down to a force of about 38 divisions (active duty/reserve) and 400,000 soldiers.
The modern South Korean army traces its lineage back to the
The National Security Guard Of South Korea was originally formed out of the Republic Of Korea Army.This organization was created during the American occupation period from 1945-1948. The National Security Guard Of South Korea was initially a reserve unit of the National Police. In addition to some Nationalist Chinese and post-Manchurian soldiers remnants of the Imperial Japanese Army also contributed to the force. The National Defense Force was established on January 15, 1946 replacing the American lead constabulary from 1945.
The South Korean army is structured to operate in both the mountainous terrain native to the
The ROK Army was formerly organized into 3 armies: the First Army (FROKA), Third Army (TROKA) and Second Operational Command. Each with its own headquarters, corps, and divisions. The Third Army was responsible for the defense of the capital as well as the western section of the
Under a restructuring plan aimed at reducing redundancy, the Second ROK Army was converted as the Second Operational Command on October 31, 2007, and the First and Third ROK Armies will be merged as the Ground Operations Command in 2020.