Republic Center

Republic National Bank
Republic Tower I.JPG
Republic Tower I
Republic Center is located in Texas
Republic Center
Republic Center is located in the US
Republic Center
Location300 N. Ervay/325 N. St. Paul Street
Dallas, Texas
Coordinates32°46′59.56″N 96°47′52.88″W / 32°46′59.56″N 96°47′52.88″W / 32.7832111; -96.7980222
Area1.4 acres (0.57 ha)
Built1954
ArchitectHarrison and Abramovitz, et al. + Omniplan Architects
Architectural styleModern Architecture; Skyscraper
NRHP reference #05000243[1]
Added to NRHPMarch 31, 2005

Republic Center is a mixed-use complex at 300 N. Ervay Street and 325 N. St. Paul Street in the City Center District of downtown Dallas, Texas (USA), adjacent to Thanks-giving Square. The complex is located diagonally across the street from DART's St. Paul Station, which serves its Blue, Red, Orange, and Green light rail lines. It also contains part of the Dallas Pedestrian Network, with shops and restaurants in the lower levels of the building and is connected to the Bullington Truck Terminal.

History

The Republic National Bank Building (later known as Republic Center Tower I and now Gables Republic Tower) was constructed as a 36-story skyscraper for the headquarters of Republic National Bank, which had previously been located at the Davis Building. Seeking to build higher than their rival's Mercantile National Bank Building, the Republic National Bank Building became the tallest building in Dallas and west of the Mississippi River at its completion in 1954. The skyscraper included an elaborate banking pavilion that stretched to Pacific Avenue. It remained the tallest building on the Dallas skyline until it was surpassed by the Southland Center in 1959.

As the bank expanded, in 1964 it sought to reclaim the tallest-in-Dallas title. The bank hired architects Harrell & Hamilton to achieve this by designing a taller companion to adjacent Republic Center I. However, height limit was restricted by the FAA. Upon completion in 1964, Republic Center Tower II was only tallest-in-Dallas on some lists. The 150-foot (46 m) spire on the original 1954 Republic Center gave that structure a 4-foot (1.2 m) edge in terms of spire height. Less than a year later, the building was surpassed by Elm Place as the tallest building in Dallas.[2]

Republic Center Tower III, an 8-story building with a Dallas Pedestrian Network retail concourse below, was added in 1980. It replaced the historic 20-story Medical Arts Building which was razed in 1978. With the completion of the third phase, the Republic Center consisted of an entire city block bounded by Ervay, Bryan, St. Paul and Pacific Streets.[3]

In 1985 RepublicBank Corp., now one of the largest banks in the Southwest, announced plans to construct a 60-story, 1,400,000-square-foot (130,000 m2) building across the street on land now designated for Pacific Plaza Park.[4] Plans were terminated in 1987 when rival InterFirst Corp. acquired the company, and Republic Center lost most of its tenants during the ensuing savings and loan crisis of the 1980s.[5]

The building complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[1]

Renovation

In 1997 new owners acquired the block and the complex was renovated.[3] Republic Center Tower I was renovated in 2005 to house 229 residential units. The first units opened in January 2007 and the building's name changed to Gables Republic Tower. Republic Center Towers II & III remain active office buildings, while the old banking lobbies and ground floors are leased as office and retail space.

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