Regional Municipality of Halton

Halton Region
Regional municipality (upper-tier)
Regional Municipality of Halton
Coat of arms of Halton Region
Coat of arms
Official logo of Halton Region
Logo
Motto(s): Absque labore nihil (Latin for: Nothing without effort)
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Coordinates: 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43.467; -79.867
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Established (County)1854
Established (Regional Municipality)1974
SeatOakville
Government
 • Regional ChairGary Carr
Area[1]
 • Land964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total548,435
 • Density520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Websitewww.halton.ca
Rattlesnake Point, near Milton, Ontario.

The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality in Ontario, Canada, located in Southern Ontario. It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville, Milton, and Halton Hills. The region provides policing by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville. Burlington and Oakville are largely urban and suburban, while the towns of Milton and Halton Hills are more rural.

Halton is part of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), although it is the only regional municipality in the GTA that is not situated directly adjacent to Toronto’s city proper. However, the region is not part of the census metropolitan area (CMA) of Toronto. Burlington is covered by the CMA of Hamilton.

Halton experienced a growth rate of 17.1% between 2001 and 2006, and 14.2% between 2006 and 2011, giving it one of the highest growth rates in the country. Despite the unprecedented growth in residential development, agriculture and protected lands along the Niagara Escarpment are still the predominant land uses in the region. Halton has been ranked by Maclean's national crime ranking report as being the "safest place to live" in the GTA and one of the top five in Canada.[2]

History

The Regional Municipality of Halton was established on 1 January 1974 as the successor to the former Halton County by the Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973.[3] From 1 January 2003, it has been governed by the Municipal Act, 2001.[4]

Until the 2000 municipal elections, the Chairman of the Regional Council had been appointed by the Ontario government. From that date, it has been an elective position. Joyce Savoline was the last appointed Chairman, and was elected and reelected as Chairman until her retirement from the position in 2006. The current Regional Chairman is Gary Carr.