Redondo Beach, California

Redondo Beach, California
City
City of Redondo Beach
Redondo Beach - King Harbor sign
Redondo Beach - King Harbor sign
Official seal of Redondo Beach, California
Seal
Official logo of Redondo Beach, California
Logo
Location of Redondo Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Redondo Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Redondo Beach, California is located in the US
Redondo Beach, California
Redondo Beach, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°51′29″N 118°22′44″W / 33°51′29″N 118°22′44″W / 33.85806; -118.37889
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
IncorporatedApril 29, 1892[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager[2]
 • MayorBill Brand[3]
 • City Council[3]Nils Nehrenheim
Todd Loewenstein
Christian Horvath
John Gran
Laura Emdee
 • City treasurerSteve Diels[4]
 • City clerkEleanor Manzano[5]
Area[6]
 • Total6.21 sq mi (16.08 km2)
 • Land6.20 sq mi (16.05 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.16%
Elevation[7]62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010)[8]
 • Total66,748
 • Estimate (2016)[9]67,867
 • Density10,949.82/sq mi (4,227.49/km2)
Time zoneUTC- 8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC- 7 (PDT)
ZIP codes90277, 90278[10]
Area code310/424[11]
FIPS code06-60018
GNIS feature IDs1652782, 2411535
Websiteredondo.org

Redondo Beach is one of the three Beach Cities in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles area. The population was 66,748 at the 2010 census, up from 63,261 at the 2000 census.

Redondo Beach was originally part of the 1785 Rancho San Pedro Spanish land grant that later became the South Redondo area. The city's territory has an unusual shape including an area along the beach (South Redondo Beach) and another strip inland from Manhattan Beach and Hermosa Beach (North Redondo Beach). The primary attractions include Municipal Pier and the sandy beach, popular with tourists and a variety of sports enthusiasts. The western terminus of the Metro Rail Green Line is in North Redondo Beach.

History

View of Redondo Beach Pier and railroad station from the Redondo Hotel, ca.1900
Redondo Beach, 1906

The Chowigna Indians used the site of today's Hopkins Wilderness Park, formerly Nike missile site LA-57 from 1956 to 1963, in Redondo Beach, California, as a lookout place.[12] The wetlands located at the site of today's AES power plant in Redondo Beach were a source of foods including halibut, lobster, and sea bass, and also of salt.[13] In the 1700s, the Chowigna bartered salt from the old Redondo Salt Lake, "a spring-fed salt lake about 200 yards wide and 600 yards long situated about 200 yards from the ocean", with other tribes.[14] Their village by the lake was called "Onoova-nga", or "Place of Salt." The Chowigna were relocated to missions in 1854, when Manuel Dominguez sold 215 acres of Rancho San Pedro, including the lake, to Henry Allanson and William Johnson for the Pacific Salt Works.[14][15][16]

Moonstone Beach was a tourist attraction from the late 1880s to the early 1920s. Tourists gathered moonstones from the many mounds that had washed ashore during storms.

Direct Democracy in Redondo Beach

The City of Redondo Beach is a Charter City[17] in LA County, Southern California. Almost two thirds of the residents in LA County, the majority in Southern California, and a plurality of Californians live in Charter Cities according to the 2010 US Census.[18] As a Californian Charter City, Redondo Beach can adopt Amendments to the City Charter.[19]

Measures DD and EE

In response to alleged overdevelopment, a group of Redondo’s residents formed a PAC called Building a Better Redondo and worked to place Measure DD on the ballot.[20] The City Council responded with Measure EE.[21] Both measures are initiative petitions which would amend the Charter of the City of Redondo Beach by requiring both City Council approval and voter approval before a “major change in allowable land use” would become effective.[22]

However, the difference was in scope. Measure DD would apply to any zoning changes that would have the effect of converting any public land to private use; change business zoning to residential or mixed-use developments with certain density limits; or "Significantly increase" traffic, density or intensity of use in a neighborhood, while Measure EE would Prevent any zoning changes to non-residential uses in single family dwelling neighborhoods, prevent the rezoning of parks and open space to any other type of zoning, limit the height of buildings within the Coastal Zone to current 45-foot specifications.[23]

Measure DD was an initiative that earned a place on the ballot because its supporters collected over 6,000 signatures on petitions, while Measure EE was placed on the November ballot through the referral process by a vote of the Redondo Beach City Council. Out of Redondo’s 39,155 registered voters, 29,653 voted on Measure DD, and 28,570 voted on Measure EE, with the turnout being 75.7 percent and 72.9 percent respectively.[24] Measure DD passed 52.7 – 41.3 percent, and Measure EE passed 50.9 – 49.1 percent. When two initiative measures conflict, the one with the greatest number of votes wins, and since Measure DD defeated Measure EE by 2,884 votes, it was added to the Redondo Beach City Charter.[25] On July 30th, 2010 the Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Robert O’Brien confirmed that Measure DD was broad in scope, as intended by the voters.[26]

Measures G, A, B, and C

Measure DD led to the passage of Measure G.[27] It passed, 12,622 votes to 11,422 votes, but the debate continued.[28] Building a Better Redondo proposed Measure A in November of 2013, which would have zoned 60 percent of the AES property as parkland and the rest – commercial.[29] AES spent over $650K on the campaign promising everything from power failures to huge lawsuits if Measure A won. Measure A failed, with 6,553 “no” votes and 6,295 “yes” votes.[30]

Possibly buoyed by Measure A’s failure, AES, the operator of the powerplant and owner of the property, proposed Measure B, a mixed use development with residential and commercial components, and poured over $1M into the campaign.[31] Measure B failed, with 6,684 “no” votes and 6,072 “yes” votes.[32] In 2017 another activist group, Rescue Our Waterfront, which had quite a few crossover members from Building a Better Redondo, proposed Measure C.[33] This was in reaction to a project called "The Waterfront" (a retail, dining, entertainment destination center), which moved the required boat ramp to Mole B, which would impact outrigger canoe clubs and was deemed dangerous by Harbor Patrol staff. Measure C, or the King Harbor CARE Act, would tighten up the zoning passed in Measure G. It was designed to ensure long established recreational uses and views of the harbor were protected in future development and prevent the impacts of the proposed "Waterfront" project. The measure passed, with 9,229 “yes” votes and 6,925 “no” votes, and swept Mayor Bill Brand, and Councilmembers Todd Lowenstein and Nils Nehrenheim into office.[34]

The developer responded with a lawsuit.[35] On August 9th, 2018, the California Coastal Commission certified Measure C, as is, without the additions that were suggested by its own staff, thus ending the ten year old saga.[36]

Other Languages
العربية: ريدوندو بيتش
български: Редондо Бийч
català: Redondo Beach
čeština: Redondo Beach
Deutsch: Redondo Beach
español: Redondo Beach
한국어: 리돈도비치
Kreyòl ayisyen: Redondo Beach, Kalifòni
Nederlands: Redondo Beach
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Redondo Beach (California)
português: Redondo Beach
ślůnski: Redondo Beach
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Redondo Beach, California
svenska: Redondo Beach
Volapük: Redondo Beach