Redondo Beach, California
Redondo Beach, California
|City of Redondo Beach|
Redondo Beach - King Harbor sign
Redondo Beach (Spanish for round) is coastal city in
Redondo Beach was originally part of the 1785
The City of Redondo Beach is a Charter City in LA County, Southern California. Almost two thirds of the residents in LA County, the majority in Southern California, and a plurality of Californians live in Charter Cities according to the 2010 US Census. As a Californian Charter City, Redondo Beach can adopt Amendments to the City Charter.
In response to alleged overdevelopment, a group of Redondo’s residents formed a PAC called Building a Better Redondo and worked to place Measure DD on the ballot. The City Council responded with Measure EE. Both measures are initiative petitions which would amend the Charter of the City of Redondo Beach by requiring both City Council approval and voter approval before a “major change in allowable land use” would become effective.
However, the difference was in scope. Measure DD would apply to any zoning changes that would have the effect of converting any public land to private use; change business zoning to residential or mixed-use developments with certain density limits; or "Significantly increase" traffic, density or intensity of use in a neighborhood, while Measure EE would Prevent any zoning changes to non-residential uses in single family dwelling neighborhoods, prevent the rezoning of parks and open space to any other type of zoning, limit the height of buildings within the Coastal Zone to current 45-foot specifications.
Measure DD was an initiative that earned a place on the ballot because its supporters collected over 6,000 signatures on petitions, while Measure EE was placed on the November ballot through the referral process by a vote of the Redondo Beach City Council. Out of Redondo’s 39,155 registered voters, 29,653 voted on Measure DD, and 28,570 voted on Measure EE, with the turnout being 75.7 percent and 72.9 percent respectively. Measure DD passed 52.7 – 41.3 percent, and Measure EE passed 50.9 – 49.1 percent. When two initiative measures conflict, the one with the greatest number of votes wins, and since Measure DD defeated Measure EE by 2,884 votes, it was added to the Redondo Beach City Charter. On July 30th, 2010 the Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Robert O’Brien confirmed that Measure DD was broad in scope, as intended by the voters.
Measure DD led to the passage of Measure G. It passed, 12,622 votes to 11,422 votes, but the debate continued. Building a Better Redondo proposed Measure A in November of 2013, which would have zoned 60 percent of the AES property as parkland and the rest – commercial. AES spent over $650K on the campaign promising everything from power failures to huge lawsuits if Measure A won. Measure A failed, with 6,553 “no” votes and 6,295 “yes” votes.
Possibly buoyed by Measure A’s failure, AES, the operator of the powerplant and owner of the property, proposed Measure B, a mixed use development with residential and commercial components, and poured over $1M into the campaign. Measure B failed, with 6,684 “no” votes and 6,072 “yes” votes. In 2017 another activist group, Rescue Our Waterfront, which had quite a few crossover members from Building a Better Redondo, proposed Measure C. This was in reaction to a project called "The Waterfront" (a retail, dining, entertainment destination center), which moved the required boat ramp to Mole B, which would impact outrigger canoe clubs and was deemed dangerous by Harbor Patrol staff. Measure C, or the King Harbor CARE Act, would tighten up the zoning passed in Measure G. It was designed to ensure long established recreational uses and views of the harbor were protected in future development and prevent the impacts of the proposed "Waterfront" project. The measure passed, with 9,229 “yes” votes and 6,925 “no” votes, and swept Mayor Bill Brand, and Councilmembers Todd Lowenstein and Nils Nehrenheim into office.
The developer responded with a lawsuit. On August 9th, 2018, the California Coastal Commission certified Measure C, as is, without the additions that were suggested by its own staff, thus ending the ten year old saga.