The island of Redonda, viewed from the south
|Length||1.6 km (0.99 mi)|
|Width||0.5 km (0.31 mi)|
|Highest elevation||296 m (971 ft)|
Redonda is an
This small island lies between the islands of
Redonda is home to vast numbers of sea birds, and the island was an important source of guano before artificial fertilizers started to be mass-produced. Guano-mining operations started in the 1860s and ceased after the start of World War I. During these mining operations a few buildings and other installations were put in place on the island, and some physical remnants of that phase in its history are still visible.
The island of Redonda became part of Antigua and Barbuda in 1967.
At a distance, Redonda appears as if it were one very large rock. It is the remnant of an ancient extinct volcano. The land rises extremely steeply from sea level, mostly as sheer cliffs, especially on the
Judging by the name he gave the island, to
Redonda is uninhabited, except by seabirds and a herd of feral goats that manage to survive on the poor grazing on top of the island. The steepness of the surface, the lack of a safe place to land a boat, and the lack of any freshwater source other than rainfall makes the island inhospitable to humans.