Redonda

Redonda
Redonda from the south.JPG
The island of Redonda, viewed from the south
Redonda is located in Caribbean
Redonda
Redonda
Geography
LocationCaribbean Sea
Coordinates16°56′19″N 62°20′46″W / 16°56′19″N 62°20′46″W / 16.938646; -62.346038
ArchipelagoLeeward Islands, Lesser Antilles
Length1.6 km (0.99 mi)
Width0.5 km (0.31 mi)
Highest elevation296 m (971 ft)
Administration
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited

Redonda is an uninhabited Caribbean island which is legally part of Antigua and Barbuda,[1] in the Leeward Islands, West Indies. The island is about 1.6 kilometres (1 mi) long, 0.5 kilometres (0.3 mi) wide, and is 296 metres (971 ft) high at its highest point.[2]

This small island lies between the islands of Nevis and Montserrat, 56.2 kilometres (34.9 mi) southwest of Antigua. Redonda is closer to Montserrat than to any other island; it is located at 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) northwest of Montserrat, and 32 kilometres (20 mi) southeast of Nevis.

Redonda is home to vast numbers of sea birds, and the island was an important source of guano before artificial fertilizers started to be mass-produced. Guano-mining operations started in the 1860s and ceased after the start of World War I. During these mining operations a few buildings and other installations were put in place on the island, and some physical remnants of that phase in its history are still visible.

The island was named by Columbus in 1493. "Redonda" is the female form of the Spanish language adjective meaning "round".

The island of Redonda became part of Antigua and Barbuda in 1967.

Description

Antigua and Barbuda map with Redonda (lower left).
The west (leeward) coast of Redonda consists almost entirely of sheer cliffs many hundreds of feet high

At a distance, Redonda appears as if it were one very large rock. It is the remnant of an ancient extinct volcano. The land rises extremely steeply from sea level, mostly as sheer cliffs, especially on the leeward (west) side of the island. At the top of the island there is an area of grassland that slopes quite steeply to the east. There is no source of fresh water other than rain.

Judging by the name he gave the island, to Columbus the island appeared to be rounded, at least in profile. In reality the island is long and narrow, although it rises steeply to a height of almost 1,000 feet. The actual land area of the island is, however, hard to estimate because of the extreme steepness of the slopes, but it is calculated to be somewhere between 1.6 square kilometres (400 acres) and 2.6 square kilometres (640 acres).

Redonda is uninhabited, except by seabirds and a herd of feral goats that manage to survive on the poor grazing on top of the island. The steepness of the surface, the lack of a safe place to land a boat, and the lack of any freshwater source other than rainfall makes the island inhospitable to humans.

A small stone hut on the top of the island dates from the days when guano was mined there.
A detail of the west coast shows the reddish volcanic rock cliffs and a small rock islet with a visible intertidal algal zone
Other Languages
беларуская: Рэдонда
brezhoneg: Redonda
català: Redonda
čeština: Redonda
Deutsch: Redonda
eesti: Redonda
Ελληνικά: Ρεντόντα
Esperanto: Redondo
euskara: Redonda
français: Redonda
Gaeilge: Redonda
galego: Illa Redonda
한국어: 레돈다섬
हिन्दी: रेडोन्डा
italiano: Redonda
עברית: רדונדה
қазақша: Редонда
Latina: Redonda
lietuvių: Redonda
magyar: Redonda
македонски: Редонда
日本語: レドンダ島
norsk: Redonda
polski: Redonda
português: Redonda
română: Redonda
русский: Редонда
Simple English: Redonda
српски / srpski: Редонда
suomi: Redonda
Tagalog: Redonda
українська: Редонда
اردو: ریدوندا
Tiếng Việt: Redonda
中文: 雷東達島