Red junglefowl

Red junglefowl
Male red junglefowl walking across forest floor
Scientific classification edit
G. gallus
Binomial name
Gallus gallus
World map showing range confined to Southeast Asia
Red junglefowl range

Phasianus gallus Linnaeus, 1758

Gallus gallus - MHNT

The red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) is a tropical member of the family Phasianidae. It is the primary progenitor of the domestic chicken (though genetic evidence strongly suggests some past hybridisation with the grey junglefowl, as well).[2] The red junglefowl was first domesticated at least 5000 years ago in Asia. Since then, its domestic form has spread around the world and is kept globally as a very productive food source of both meat and eggs.[3]


The range of the wild form stretches from India, eastwards across Indochina and southern China and into Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Junglefowl are established on several of the Hawaiian Islands, including ʻi, but these are feral descendants of domestic chickens. They can also be found on Christmas Island, Vanuatu, and the Mariana Islands.

Each of these various regions had its own subspecies of Gallus gallus, including:

  • G. g. gallus – from Indochina
  • G. g. bankiva – from Java
  • G. g. jabouillei – from Vietnam
  • G. g. murghi – from India and Bangladesh
  • G. g. spadiceus – from Burma
  • G. g. domesticus – (domestic chicken)
Other Languages
arpetan: Jal dorâ
অসমীয়া: বনকুকুৰা
беларуская: Банкіўскі певень
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Банкіўскі певень
brezhoneg: Kilhog bankiva
català: Gall bankiva
Cebuano: Manok
čeština: Kur bankivský
Deutsch: Bankivahuhn
español: Gallus gallus
Esperanto: Bankiva koko
français: Coq doré
한국어: 적색야계
hrvatski: Divlja kokoš
Bahasa Indonesia: Ayam-hutan merah
italiano: Gallus gallus
Basa Jawa: Pitik alas abang
Кыргызча: Жапайы тоок
magyar: Bankivatyúk
Bahasa Melayu: Ayam Hutan Merah
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တောကြက်
Nāhuatl: Caxtiltototl
Nederlands: Bankivahoen
नेपाली: लुइँचे
Napulitano: Gallus gallus
Nordfriisk: Wil han
polski: Kur bankiwa
português: Galo-banquiva
Simple English: Red junglefowl
سنڌي: ڪُڪُڙ
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Divlja kokoš
lea faka-Tonga: Moa kaivao
Tiếng Việt: Gà rừng lông đỏ
Winaray: Gallus gallus
中文: 原雞