Recruitment

Recruitment refers to the overall process of attracting, shortlisting, selecting and appointing suitable candidates for jobs (either permanent or temporary) within an organization.[1] Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing individuals for unpaid roles. Managers, human resource generalists and recruitment specialists may be tasked with carrying out recruitment, but in some cases public-sector employment agencies, commercial recruitment agencies, or specialist search consultancies are used to undertake parts of the process. Internet-based technologies to support all aspects of recruitment have become widespread.[2]

Process

Job analysis

In situations where new jobs are created or the nature of a job has substantially changed, a job analysis might be undertaken to document the knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs) required or sought for the job. From these the relevant information is captured in a person specification.[3]

Sourcing

Sourcing is the use of one or more strategies to attract or identify candidates to fill job vacancies. It may involve internal and/or external recruitment advertising, using appropriate media, such as job portals, local or national newspapers, social media (such as LinkedIn or RiteSite), business media, specialist recruitment media, professional publications, window advertisements, job centers, or in a variety of ways via the internet.

Alternatively, employers may use recruitment consultancies or agencies to find otherwise scarce candidates—who, in many cases, may be content in the current positions and are not actively looking to move. This initial research for candidates—also called name generation—produces contact information for potential candidates, whom the recruiter can then discreetly contact and screen.[3]

Screening and selection

Various psychological tests can assess a variety of KSAOs, including literacy. Assessments are also available to measure physical ability. Recruiters and agencies may use applicant tracking systems to filter candidates, along with software tools for psychometric testing and performance-based assessment.[4] In many countries, employers are legally mandated to ensure their screening and selection processes meet equal opportunity and ethical standards.[3]

Employers are likely to recognize the value of candidates who encompass soft skills such as interpersonal or team leadership.[5] Many companies, including multinational organizations and those that recruit from a range of nationalities, are also often concerned about whether candidate fits the prevailing company culture.[6] Companies and recruitment agencies are now turning to video screening as a way to notice these skills without the need to invite the candidates in physical.[7] Screening as a practice for hiring has undergone continual change over the years and often organizations are using video to maintain the aforementioned standards they set for themselves and the industry.

Disabled candidates

The word disability carries few positive connotations for most employers. Research has shown that employer biases tend to improve through first-hand experience and exposure with proper supports for the employee[8] and the employer making the hiring decisions. As for most companies, money and job stability are two of the contributing factors to the productivity of a disabled employee, which in return equates to the growth and success of a business. Hiring disabled workers produce more advantages than disadvantages.[9] There is no difference in the daily production of a disabled worker.[10] Given their situation, they are more likely to adapt to their environmental surroundings and acquaint themselves with equipment, enabling them to solve problems and overcome adversity as with other employees. The U.S. IRS grants companies Disabled Access Credit when they meet eligibility criteria.[11]

Diversity

Many major corporations recognize the need for diversity in hiring to compete successfully in a global economy.[12]

Recruitment process outsourcing

Recruitment process outsourcing (RPO) is a form of Business process outsourcing (BPO) where a company engages a third party provider to manage all or part of its recruitment process.

Other Languages
العربية: استخدام
español: Reclutamiento
français: Recrutement
हिन्दी: नवरोहण
Bahasa Indonesia: Perekrutan
日本語: 求人
polski: Rekrutacja
português: Recrutamento
sicilianu: Ricrutamentu
Simple English: Recruitment
svenska: Rekrytering
українська: Рекрутинг
Tiếng Việt: Tuyển dụng
ייִדיש: רעקרוטירן
中文: 招聘