Ray Bradbury

Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury in 1975
Bradbury in 1975
BornRay Douglas Bradbury
(1920-08-22)August 22, 1920
Waukegan, Illinois, U.S.
DiedJune 5, 2012(2012-06-05) (aged 91)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeWestwood Memorial Park, Westwood, Los Angeles
EducationLos Angeles High School
GenreFantasy, science fiction, horror fiction, mystery fiction, magic realism
Notable works
Notable awardsAmerican Academy of Arts and Letters (1954); Daytime Emmy Award (1994); National Medal of Arts (2004); Pulitzer Prize (2007)
Marguerite McClure
(m. 1947; her death 2003)


Ray Douglas Bradbury (i/; August 22, 1920 – June 5, 2012) was an American author and screenwriter. He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy, science fiction, horror, and mystery fiction.

Predominantly known for writing the iconic dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451 (1953), and his science-fiction and horror-story collections, The Martian Chronicles (1950), The Illustrated Man (1951), and I Sing the Body Electric (1969), Bradbury was one of the most celebrated 20th- and 21st-century American writers.[2] While most of his best known work is in fantasy fiction, he also wrote in other genres, such as the coming-of-age novel Dandelion Wine (1957) and the fictionalized memoir Green Shadows, White Whale (1992).

Recipient of numerous awards, including a 2007 Pulitzer Citation, Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick and It Came from Outer Space. Many of his works were adapted to comic book, television, and film formats.

Upon his death in 2012, The New York Times called Bradbury "the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream".[2]

Early life

Bradbury as a senior in high school, 1938

Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920,[3] in Waukegan, Illinois,[4] to Esther (née Moberg) Bradbury (1888–1966), a Swedish immigrant, and Leonard Spaulding Bradbury (1890–1957),[5] a power and telephone lineman of English ancestry.[6] He was given the middle name "Douglas" after the actor Douglas Fairbanks. Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding[7] and descended from Mary Bradbury, who was tried at one of the Salem witch trials in 1692.[8]

Bradbury was surrounded by an extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan. An aunt read him short stories when he was a child.[9] This period provided foundations for both the author and his stories. In Bradbury's works of fiction, 1920s Waukegan becomes "Green Town", Illinois.

The Bradbury family lived in Tucson, Arizona, during 1926–1927 and 1932–1933 while their father pursued employment, each time returning to Waukegan. They eventually settled in Los Angeles in 1934 when Bradbury was 14 years old. The family arrived with only US$40, which paid for rent and food until his father finally found a job making wire at a cable company for $14 a week. This meant that they could stay, and Bradbury, who was in love with Hollywood, was ecstatic.[citation needed]

Bradbury attended Los Angeles High School and was active in the drama club. He often roller-skated through Hollywood in hopes of meeting celebrities. Among the creative and talented people Bradbury met were special-effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen and radio star George Burns. Bradbury's first pay as a writer, at age 14, was for a joke he sold to George Burns to use on the Burns and Allen radio show.[10][11]

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башҡортса: Рэй Брэдбери
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беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рэй Брэдбэры
български: Рей Бредбъри
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қазақша: Рэй Брэдбери
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oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ray Bradbury
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੇ ਬਰੈਡਬਰੀ
Piemontèis: Ray Bradbury
polski: Ray Bradbury
português: Ray Bradbury
română: Ray Bradbury
русский: Брэдбери, Рэй
Simple English: Ray Bradbury
slovenčina: Ray Bradbury
slovenščina: Ray Bradbury
српски / srpski: Реј Бредбери
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ray Bradbury
svenska: Ray Bradbury
Tagalog: Ray Bradbury
татарча/tatarça: Rey Bredberi
Türkçe: Ray Bradbury
Türkmençe: Reý Bredberi
українська: Рей Бредбері
Tiếng Việt: Ray Bradbury
Winaray: Ray Bradbury