Ratko Mladić

Ratko Mladić
Evstafiev-ratko-mladic-1993-w.jpg
Mladić in Sarajevo in 1993
Native name Ратко Младић
Nickname(s) The Butcher of Bosnia
Born (1943-03-12) 12 March 1943 (age 74)
Božanovići, Independent State of Croatia
(now Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Allegiance   SFR Yugoslavia
Republic of Serbian Krajina
  Republika Srpska
Service/branch Logo of the JNA.svg Yugoslav People's Army (JNA)
Emblem Republika Srpska Army.svg Army of Republika Srpska (VRS)
Years of service 1965–1996
Rank Colonel-General
Unit

Armoured divisions Artillery

Special forces
Commands held 9th Corps (JNA)
2nd Military District Headquarters (JNA)
Head of the VRS General Staff
Battles/wars

Croatian War

Bosnian War

Awards

Order of Brotherhood and Unity (II)
Order of Military Merits (III)
Order of Military Merits (II)

Order of the People's Army (II)

Ratko Mladić ( Serbian: Ратко Младић, pronounced  [râtko mlǎːdit͡ɕ]; born 12 March 1943) [1] [2] is a Bosnian Serb former general found guilty of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). On 31 May 2011, Mladić was extradited to The Hague, where he was processed at the detention center that holds suspects for the ICTY. [3] His trial formally began in The Hague on 16 May 2012 and was concluded on 22 November 2017 finding him guilty and sentencing him to life in prison. [4] [5]

A long-time member of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Mladić began his career in the Yugoslav People's Army in 1965. [6] [7] He came to prominence in the Yugoslav Wars, initially as a high-ranking officer of the Yugoslav People's Army and subsequently as the Chief of Staff of the Army of Republika Srpska in the Bosnian War of 1992–1995. He has often been referred to by media as the Butcher of Bosnia, [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] a title also sometimes applied to Radovan Karadžić, the former President of Republika Srpska. [13] [14] [15]

In July 1996 the Trial Chamber of the ICTY, proceeding in the absence of Mladić under the ICTY's Rule 61, confirmed all counts of the original indictments, finding there were reasonable grounds to believe he had committed the alleged crimes, and issued an international arrest warrant. [16] The Serbian and United States governments offered €5 million for information leading to Mladić's capture and arrest. [17] In October 2010, Serbia intensified the hunt by increasing the reward for Mladić's capture from €5 million to €10 million. [18] Mladić nevertheless managed to remain at large for nearly sixteen years, initially sheltered by Serbian and Bosnian Serb security forces and later by family. On 26 May 2011, he was arrested in Lazarevo, Serbia. [19] His capture was considered to be one of the pre-conditions for Serbia being awarded candidate status for European Union membership. [20] [21]

On 22 November 2017, he was sentenced to life in prison by the ICTY for 10 charges, one of genocide, five of crimes against humanity and four of violations of the laws or customs of war. He was cleared of one count of genocide. As the top military officer with command responsibility, Mladić was deemed by the ICTY to be responsible for the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre.

Early life and military career

Mladić was born in Božanovići, Kalinovik, Herzegovina, [22] on 12 March 1943. [23]

His father Neđa (1909–1945) was a member of the Yugoslav Partisans. His mother, Stana (née Lalović; 1919–2003), raised her three children; daughter Milica (born 1940), sons Ratko and Milivoje (1944–2001), by herself after the death of her husband in 1945 during World War II. Bosnia and Herzegovina was at the time part of the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state led by the Croatian Ustaše between 1941 and 1945, created after Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy invaded and partitioned the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941. Mladić's father Neđa was killed, on Ratko's third birthday, in action while leading a Partisan attack on the home village of Ustaše leader Ante Pavelić in 1945. [24]

Upon finishing elementary school, Mladić worked in Sarajevo as a whitesmith for the "Tito Company". He entered the Military Industry School in Zemun in 1961, and then went on to the KOV Military Academy, and then the Officers Academy. Upon his graduating on 27 September 1965, he began his career in the Yugoslav Army. The same year, he joined the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, remaining a member until the party disintegrated in 1990. [6]

He began his first post as an officer in Skopje on 4 November 1965, where he was the youngest soldier in the unit which he commanded. Beginning with the rank of second lieutenant (April 1968), he proved himself to be a capable officer, first commanding a platoon (May 1970), then a battalion (27 November 1974), and then a brigade. In September 1976, he began his higher military education at the "Komandno-štabne akademije" in Belgrade, finishing in first place with a grade of 9.57 (out of 10).

On 25 December 1980, he became a Lieutenant colonel, and on 18 August 1986 he became a colonel, based in Štip. He finished an additional year of military education in September 1986. On 31 January 1989, he was promoted to the post of head of the Education Department of the Third Military District of Skopje. [25] On 14 January 1991, he was promoted again, to Deputy Commander in Priština.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Ratko Mladić
azərbaycanca: Ratko Mladiç
беларуская: Ратка Младзіч
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ратка Младзіч
български: Ратко Младич
bosanski: Ratko Mladić
brezhoneg: Ratko Mladić
català: Ratko Mladić
Чӑвашла: Ратко Младич
čeština: Ratko Mladić
Cymraeg: Ratko Mladić
Deutsch: Ratko Mladić
Ελληνικά: Ράτκο Μλάντιτς
español: Ratko Mladić
Esperanto: Ratko Mladić
euskara: Ratko Mladić
français: Ratko Mladić
Հայերեն: Ռատկո Մլադիչ
hrvatski: Ratko Mladić
Bahasa Indonesia: Ratko Mladić
italiano: Ratko Mladić
Basa Jawa: Ratko Mladić
қазақша: Младич, Радко
latviešu: Ratko Mladičs
lietuvių: Ratko Mladičius
македонски: Ратко Младиќ
Bahasa Melayu: Ratko Mladić
Nederlands: Ratko Mladić
norsk nynorsk: Ratko Mladić
português: Ratko Mladić
română: Ratko Mladić
русский: Младич, Ратко
sicilianu: Ratko Mladic
slovenčina: Ratko Mladić
slovenščina: Ratko Mladić
српски / srpski: Ратко Младић
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ratko Mladić
svenska: Ratko Mladić
Türkçe: Ratko Mladić
українська: Ратко Младич
Tiếng Việt: Ratko Mladić