Rape

Rape
Tizian 094.jpg
Tarquin and Lucretia by Titian. According to tradition, the rape of Lucretia and her subsequent suicide indirectly caused the Roman Kingdom's overthrow and the Roman Republic's establishment. The story inspired many artists and writers, including Shakespeare, Botticelli, Rembrandt, Dürer, Artemisia Gentileschi, Geoffrey Chaucer, and Thomas Heywood.
SpecialtyEmergency medicine

Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent. The act may be carried out by physical force, coercion, abuse of authority, or against a person who is incapable of giving valid consent, such as one who is unconscious, incapacitated, has an intellectual disability or is below the legal age of consent.[1][2][3] The term rape is sometimes used interchangeably with the term sexual assault.[4]

The rate of reporting, prosecuting and convicting for rape varies between jurisdictions. Internationally, the incidence of rapes recorded by the police during 2008 ranged, per 100,000 people, from 0.2 in Azerbaijan to 92.9 in Botswana with 6.3 in Lithuania as the median.[5] Worldwide, rape is primarily committed by males.[6] Rape by strangers is usually less common than rape by people the victim knows, and male-on-male and female-on-female prison rapes are common and may be the least reported forms of rape.[7][8][9]

Widespread and systematic rape (e.g., war rape) and sexual slavery can occur during international conflict. These practices are crimes against humanity and war crimes. Rape is also recognized as an element of the crime of genocide when committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a targeted ethnic group.

People who have been raped can be traumatized and develop posttraumatic stress disorder.[10] Serious injuries can result along with the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. A person may face violence or threats from the rapist, and, in some cultures, from the victim's family and relatives.[11][12][13]

Etymology

The term rape originates from the Latin rapere (supine stem raptum), "to snatch, to grab, to carry off".[14][15] Since the 14th century, the term has come to mean "to seize and take away by force".[16] In Roman law, the carrying off of a woman by force, with or without intercourse, constituted "raptus".[15] In Medieval English law the same term could refer to either kidnapping or rape in the modern sense of "sexual violation".[14] The original meaning of "carry off by force" is still found in some phrases, such as "rape and pillage", or in titles, such as the stories of the Rape of the Sabine Women and The Rape of Europa or the poem The Rape of the Lock, which is about the theft of a lock of hair.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Verkragting
العربية: اغتصاب
asturianu: Violación
বাংলা: ধর্ষণ
беларуская: Згвалтаванне
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Згвалтаваньне
български: Изнасилване
བོད་ཡིག: བཙན་གཡེམ།
bosanski: Silovanje
brezhoneg: Gwallerezh
català: Violació
čeština: Znásilnění
Cymraeg: Trais rhywiol
dansk: Voldtægt
Ελληνικά: Βιασμός
español: Violación
Esperanto: Seksatenco
euskara: Bortxaketa
français: Viol
Gaeilge: Éigniú
galego: Violación
한국어: 강간
हिन्दी: बलात्कार
hrvatski: Silovanje
Ido: Violaco
Bahasa Indonesia: Pemerkosaan
íslenska: Nauðgun
עברית: אונס
Basa Jawa: Ruda peksa
қазақша: Зорлау
Kiswahili: Ubakaji
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kadejak
Latina: Stuprum
latviešu: Izvarošana
Lëtzebuergesch: Vergewaltegung
Limburgs: Verkrachting
मैथिली: बलात्कार
മലയാളം: ബലാത്സംഗം
मराठी: बलात्कार
مصرى: اغتصاب
Bahasa Melayu: Rogol
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Giòng-găng
Nederlands: Verkrachting
नेपाली: बलात्कार
日本語: 強姦
norsk: Voldtekt
norsk nynorsk: Valdtekt
occitan: Viòl
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਲਾਤਕਾਰ
polski: Zgwałcenie
português: Estupro
română: Viol
Scots: Rape
Simple English: Rape
slovenčina: Znásilnenie
slovenščina: Posilstvo
српски / srpski: Силовање
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Silovanje
suomi: Raiskaus
svenska: Våldtäkt
Tagalog: Panggagahasa
தமிழ்: வன்கலவி
తెలుగు: మానభంగం
Türkçe: Irza geçme
українська: Зґвалтування
Vahcuengh: Gaemhbeg
Tiếng Việt: Hiếp dâm
粵語: 強姦
中文: 强奸