Raion

A raion (also rayon) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast). The term is from the French "rayon" (meaning "honeycomb, department"),[1] which is both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city, and is commonly translated in English as "district".[2]

The term "raion" also can be used simply as a kind of administrative division without anything to do with ethnicity or nationality. A raion is a standardized administrative entity across most of the former Soviet Union and is usually a subdivision two steps below the national level. However, in smaller USSR republics, it could be the primary level of administrative division (Administrative divisions of Armenia, Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan). After the fall of the Soviet Union, some of the republics dropped raion from their use (Armenia).

In Bulgaria, it refers to an internal administrative subdivision of a city not related to the administrative division of the country as a whole, or, in the case of Sofia municipality a subdivision of that municipality.[3]

Etymology

The word "raion" (or "rayon") is often used in translated form: Azerbaijani: rayon; Belarusian: раён, rajon; Bulgarian: район; Georgian: რაიონი, raioni; Latvian: rajons; Lithuanian: rajonas; Polish: rejon; Romanian: raion; Russian: райо́н and Ukrainian: райо́н.

The source of the word in French, rayon, comes from pre-medieval Frankish *hrāta 'honeycomb' and is not related with the English region or its source, Latin regio.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Rayon
башҡортса: Район
беларуская: Раён
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Раён
български: Район
català: Raion
Чӑвашла: Район
čeština: Rajón
dansk: Rajon
Deutsch: Rajon
eesti: Rajoon
Ελληνικά: Ραγιόν
español: Raión
Esperanto: Rajon
euskara: Raion
فارسی: رایون
français: Raion
galego: Raion
हिन्दी: रायोन
hornjoserbsce: Rajon
hrvatski: Rajon
Bahasa Indonesia: Raion
italiano: Rajon
ქართული: რაიონი
қазақша: Аудан
Кыргызча: Район
latviešu: Rajons
magyar: Rajon
მარგალური: რაიონი
Nederlands: Rayon (bestuur)
日本語: ラヨン
нохчийн: КӀошт
norsk: Rajon
norsk nynorsk: Rajon
occitan: Raiòn
олык марий: Кундем
polski: Rejon
português: Raion
qırımtatarca: Rayon
română: Raion
русиньскый: Район
русский: Район
Scots: Raion
Simple English: Raion
slovenščina: Rajon
српски / srpski: Рејон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Рејон
Basa Sunda: Raion
svenska: Rajon
Tagalog: Raion
татарча/tatarça: Район
українська: Район
اردو: رایون
中文: 区 (苏联)