Radius

Circle with circumference C in black, diameter D in cyan, radius R in red, and centre or origin O in magenta.

In classical geometry, a radius of a circle or sphere is any of the line segments from its center to its perimeter, and in more modern usage, it is also their length. The name comes from the Latin radius, meaning ray but also the spoke of a chariot wheel.[1] The plural of radius can be either radii (from the Latin plural) or the conventional English plural radiuses.[2] The typical abbreviation and mathematical variable name for radius is r. By extension, the diameter d is defined as twice the radius:[3]

If an object does not have a center, the term may refer to its circumradius, the radius of its circumscribed circle or circumscribed sphere. In either case, the radius may be more than half the diameter, which is usually defined as the maximum distance between any two points of the figure. The inradius of a geometric figure is usually the radius of the largest circle or sphere contained in it. The inner radius of a ring, tube or other hollow object is the radius of its cavity.

For regular polygons, the radius is the same as its circumradius.[4] The inradius of a regular polygon is also called apothem. In graph theory, the radius of a graph is the minimum over all vertices u of the maximum distance from u to any other vertex of the graph.[5]

The radius of the circle with perimeter (circumference) C is

Formula

For many geometric figures, the radius has a well-defined relationship with other measures of the figure.

Circles

The radius of a circle with area A is

The radius of the circle that passes through the three non-collinear points P1, P2, and P3 is given by

where θ is the angle P1P2P3. This formula uses the law of sines. If the three points are given by their coordinates (x1,y1), (x2,y2), and (x3,y3), the radius can be expressed as

Regular polygons

n Rn
3 0.577350...
4 0.707106...
5 0.850650...
6 1.0
7 1.152382...
8 1.306562...
9 1.461902...
10 1.618033...
A square, for example (n=4)

The radius r of a regular polygon with n sides of length s is given by r = Rn s, where Values of Rn for small values of n are given in the table. If s = 1 then these values are also the radii of the corresponding regular polygons.


Hypercubes

The radius of a d-dimensional hypercube with side s is

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Radius
Alemannisch: Radius (Kreis)
አማርኛ: ሬድየስ
العربية: نصف قطر
azərbaycanca: Radius
Bân-lâm-gú: Poàⁿ-kèng
башҡортса: Радиус
беларуская: Радыус
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Радыюс
български: Радиус
bosanski: Poluprečnik
Чӑвашла: Радиус
čeština: Poloměr
chiShona: Taramunyongo
dansk: Radius
Deutsch: Radius
eesti: Raadius
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Râǵ (giumetrìa)
Esperanto: Radiuso
فارسی: شعاع
Gàidhlig: Reidius
ગુજરાતી: ત્રિજ્યા
한국어: 반지름
Հայերեն: Շառավիղ
हिन्दी: त्रिज्या
Bahasa Indonesia: Radius
interlingua: Radio (geometria)
עברית: רדיוס
ქართული: რადიუსი
Kiswahili: Nusukipenyo
latviešu: Rādiuss
Lëtzebuergesch: Radius
македонски: Полупречник
Malagasy: Tana
मराठी: त्रिज्या
Bahasa Melayu: Jejari
монгол: Радиус
Nederlands: Straal (wiskunde)
नेपाली: अर्धव्यास
日本語: 半径
Nordfriisk: Raadius
norsk: Radius
norsk nynorsk: Radius
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Radius
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰੇਡੀਅਸ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កាំ
português: Raio (geometria)
română: Rază
Runa Simi: Illwa
русский: Радиус
Scots: Radius
Simple English: Radius
slovenčina: Polomer (kružnica)
slovenščina: Polmer
ślůnski: Průmjyń
Soomaaliga: Gacan (Joomitiri)
کوردی: نیوەتیرە
српски / srpski: Полупречник
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Radijus
svenska: Radie
Tagalog: Radius
татарча/tatarça: Радиус
ไทย: รัศมี
Türkçe: Yarıçap
українська: Радіус
اردو: رداس
Tiếng Việt: Bán kính
ייִדיש: ראדיוס
粵語: 半徑
中文: 半径