Rabat

Rabat

الرِّبَاط  (Arabic)
ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ  (Berber languages)
Kasbah des Oudaias P1060348.JPG
Marokko 011.jpg
Royal Palace, Rabat.jpg
Une ruelle de la Kasbah des Oudayas.jpg
Chellah Rabat.jpg
Tour Hassan-Rabat.jpg
Flag of Rabat
Flag
Arms of Rabat.png
Seal
Rabat is located in Morocco
Rabat
Rabat
Location in Morocco & Africa
Rabat is located in Africa
Rabat
Rabat
Rabat (Africa)
Coordinates: 34°02′N 6°50′W / 34°02′N 6°50′W / 34.033; -6.833[1]
CountryMorocco
RegionRabat-Salé-Kénitra
Founded by Almohads1146
Government
 • MayorMohamed Sadiki
Area
 • City117 km2 (45.17 sq mi)
Highest elevation
160 m (520 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2014)[2]
 • City577,827
 • Rank7th in Morocco
 • Density4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,120,192
Time zoneUTC+1 (www.rabat.ma
Official nameRabat, Modern Capital and Historic City: a Shared Heritage
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Designated2012 (36th 1401
State PartyMorocco
RegionArab States

Rabat (t/, also UK: t/, US: t/;[3][4][5] Arabic: الرِّبَاط‎, romanizedar-ribāṭ; Berber languages: ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ, romanized: Aṛṛbaṭ) is the capital city of Morocco and the country's seventh largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014)[2] and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million. It is also the capital city of the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra administrative region.[6] Rabat is located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg, opposite Salé, the city's main commuter town.

Rabat was founded in the 12th century by the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu'min as a military town. The city steadily grew but went into an extended period of decline following the collapse of the Almohads. In the 17th century Rabat became a haven for Barbary pirates. The French established a protectorate over Morocco in 1912 and made Rabat its administrative center. Morocco achieved independence in 1955 and Rabat became its capital.

Rabat, Temara, and Salé form a conurbation of over 1.8 million people. Silt-related problems have diminished Rabat's role as a port; however, Rabat, and Salé still maintain important textile, food processing and construction industries. In addition, tourism and the presence of all foreign embassies in Morocco serve to make Rabat one of the most important cities in the country. The Moroccan capital was ranked at second place by CNN in its "Top Travel Destinations of 2013".[7] It is one of four Imperial cities of Morocco, and the medina of Rabat is listed as a World Heritage Site. Rabat is accessible by train through the ONCF system and by plane through the nearby Rabat–Salé Airport.

Name

The name Rabat comes from الرِّبَاط [ar-ribāṭ] meaning the ribat, an Islamic base or fortification. This name is short for رِبَاط الفَتْح [ribāṭu l-fatħ] meaning the ribat of conquest or stronghold of victory—a title the city acquired in 1170, due to its military importance.[8]

Other Languages
Acèh: Rabat
Afrikaans: Rabat
አማርኛ: ራባት
العربية: الرباط
aragonés: Rabat
asturianu: Rabat
Avañe'ẽ: Rabat
azərbaycanca: Rabat
বাংলা: রাবাত
Bân-lâm-gú: Rabat
беларуская: Рабат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рабат
български: Рабат
བོད་ཡིག: ར་བ་ཐེ།
bosanski: Rabat
brezhoneg: Rabat
Чӑвашла: Рабат
čeština: Rabat
chiShona: Rabat
Cymraeg: Rabat
Deutsch: Rabat
eesti: Rabat
Ελληνικά: Ραμπάτ
español: Rabat
Esperanto: Rabato
estremeñu: Rabat
euskara: Rabat
Fiji Hindi: Rabat
français: Rabat
Frysk: Rabat
Gaeilge: Rabat
Gàidhlig: Rabat
galego: Rabat
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Rabat
한국어: 라바트
Hausa: Rabat
հայերեն: Ռաբաթ
हिन्दी: रबात
hornjoserbsce: Rabat
hrvatski: Rabat
Ido: Rabat
Bahasa Indonesia: Rabat
Interlingue: Rabat
Ирон: Рабат
íslenska: Rabat
italiano: Rabat
עברית: רבאט
Jawa: Rabat
Kabɩyɛ: Raabaa
ქართული: რაბატი
kernowek: Rabat
Kinyarwanda: Rabat
Kiswahili: Rabat
Kongo: Rabat
Kreyòl ayisyen: Raba
kurdî: Rabat
Кыргызча: Рабат
кырык мары: Рабат
Ladino: Rabat
Latina: Rabatum
latviešu: Rabāta
Lëtzebuergesch: Rabat
lietuvių: Rabatas
Ligure: Rabat
lumbaart: Rabat
magyar: Rabat
मैथिली: रबाट
македонски: Рабат
Malagasy: Rabat
മലയാളം: റാബത്ത്
मराठी: रबात
მარგალური: რაბატი
مصرى: الرباط
مازِرونی: رباط
Bahasa Melayu: Rabat
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Rabat
Nāhuatl: Rabat
Nederlands: Rabat (Marokko)
नेपाली: रबाट
日本語: ラバト
нохчийн: Рабат
Nordfriisk: Rabat
norsk: Rabat
norsk nynorsk: Rabat
occitan: Rabat
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ରବୋଟ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rabot (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਰਬਾਤ
پنجابی: رباط
Papiamentu: Rabat
پښتو: ربات
Piemontèis: Rabat
Plattdüütsch: Rabat
português: Rabat
română: Rabat
Runa Simi: Rabat
русский: Рабат
Scots: Rabat
shqip: Rabati
sicilianu: Rabat (Maroccu)
Simple English: Rabat
slovenčina: Rabat (mesto)
slovenščina: Rabat
ślůnski: Rabat
Soomaaliga: Rabat
کوردی: ڕەبات
српски / srpski: Рабат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Rabat
suomi: Rabat
svenska: Rabat
Tagalog: Rabat
தமிழ்: ரபாத்
Taqbaylit: Rbaṭ
ไทย: ราบัต
тоҷикӣ: Рабат
Türkçe: Rabat
Twi: Rabat
удмурт: Рабат
українська: Рабат
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: رابات
vèneto: Rabat
vepsän kel’: Rabat
Tiếng Việt: Rabat
West-Vlams: Rabat
Winaray: Rabat
Wolof: Rabat
Yorùbá: Rabat
粵語: 剌八
中文: 拉巴特