Chenopodium quinoa0.jpg
Scientific classification e
Species:C. quinoa
Binomial name
Chenopodium quinoa
Quinoa Ursprung Verbreitung.png
Natural distribution in red, Cultivation in green
Chenopodium quinoa near Cachilaya, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (ɑː/ or ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa)[2] is a flowering plant in the amaranth family. It is a herbaceous annual plant grown as a grain crop primarily for its edible seeds. Quinoa is not a grass, but rather a pseudocereal botanically related to spinach and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.).

Quinoa provides protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in rich amounts above those of wheat, corn, rice, or oats.[3][4] It is gluten-free.[3] After harvest, the seeds are processed to remove the bitter-tasting outer seed coat.

Quinoa originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America,[5] and was domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago for human consumption in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia, although archaeological evidence shows livestock uses 5,200 to 7,000 years ago.[6]

History and culture

Quinoa was first domesticated by Andean peoples around 3,000 to 4,000 years ago.[7] It has been an important staple in the Andean cultures where the plant is indigenous but relatively obscure to the rest of the world.[8] The Incas, who held the crop to be sacred,[9] referred to it as chisoya mama or "mother of all grains", and it was the Inca emperor who would traditionally sow the first seeds of the season using "golden implements".[9]

During the Spanish conquest of South America, the colonists scorned it as "food for Indians",[10] and suppressed its cultivation, due to its status within indigenous religious ceremonies.[11] The conquistadors forbade quinoa cultivation at one point,[12] and the Incas were forced to grow wheat instead.[13]

Other Languages
العربية: كينوا
Aymar aru: Jiwra
azərbaycanca: Kinoa
български: Киноа
català: Quinoa
čeština: Merlík čilský
dansk: Quinoa
Deutsch: Quinoa
Ελληνικά: Κινόα
Esperanto: Kvinoo
euskara: Kinoa
فارسی: کینوآ
français: Quinoa
galego: Quinoa
한국어: 퀴노아
हिन्दी: क्विन्वा
hrvatski: Kvinoja
Bahasa Indonesia: Kinoa
íslenska: Kínóa
עברית: קינואה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೀನೋವಾ
Kapampangan: Quinoa
magyar: Kinoa
Bahasa Melayu: Kuinoa
Nederlands: Quinoa (plant)
日本語: キヌア
Nordfriisk: Kinoa
norsk: Quinoa
norsk nynorsk: Quinoa
português: Quinoa
română: Quinoa
Runa Simi: Kinwa
русский: Киноа
Scots: Quinoa
Simple English: Quinoa
slovenščina: Kvinoja
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kinoa
suomi: Kvinoa
svenska: Quinoa
Tagalog: Quinoa
ไทย: กีนัว
Türkçe: Kinoa
українська: Кіноа
Tiếng Việt: Diêm mạch
粵語: 藜麥
中文: 藜麥