Qaboos bin Said

Qaboos bin Said
Qaboos smiling
Qaboos bin Said Al Said
Sultan of Oman
Reign23 July 1970 – 10 January 2020
PredecessorSaid bin Taimur
SuccessorHaitham bin Tariq
Born(1940-11-18)18 November 1940
Salalah, Muscat and Oman
Died10 January 2020(2020-01-10) (aged 79)
Beit al-Baraka, Seeb, Oman[1]
Royal Cemetery, Muscat
Sayyida Kamila
(m. 1976; div. 1979)
HouseAl Said
FatherSaid bin Taimur
MotherMazoon al-Mashani
ReligionIbadi Islam

Qaboos bin Said (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد‎, IPA: [qaː.buːs bin sa.ʕiːd ʔaːl sa.ʕiːd]; 18 November 1940[2] – 10 January 2020) was the Sultan of Oman from 23 July 1970 until his death. A fifteenth-generation descendant of the founder of the House of Al Said,[3] he was the longest-serving leader in the Middle East and Arab world at the time of his death.[4]

The only son of Sultan Said bin Taimur of Muscat and Oman, Qaboos was educated in England. After graduating from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, he served briefly in the British Army. He returned to Oman in 1966 and was placed under virtual house arrest by his father. In 1970, Qaboos ascended to the Omani throne after overthrowing his father in a coup d'état, with British support. The country was subsequently re-named the Sultanate of Oman.

As Sultan, Qaboos implemented a policy of modernization and ended Oman's international isolation.[5] His reign saw a rise in living standards and development in the country, the abolition of slavery, the end of the Dhofar Rebellion and the promulgation of Oman's constitution. Suffering from poor health in later life, Qaboos died in 2020. He had no children so he named his cousin, Haitham bin Tariq, his heir.

Early life and education

Qaboos was born in Salalah in Dhofar on 18 November 1940 as an only son of Sultan Said bin Taimur and Sheikha Mazoon al-Mashani.[6][7]

He received his primary and secondary education at Salalah, and was sent to a private educational establishment at Bury St Edmunds in England at age 16.[8][9] At 20, he entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. After graduating from Sandhurst in September 1962, he joined the British Army and was posted to the 1st Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), serving with them in Germany for one year. He also held a staff appointment with the British Army.[10][11]

After his military service, Qaboos studied local government subjects in England and then completed his education with a world tour chaperoned by Leslie Chauncy. Upon his return in 1966, he was placed under virtual house arrest in the Sultan's palace in Salalah by his father. Here he was kept isolated from government affairs, except for occasional briefings by his father's personal advisers. Qaboos studied Islam and the history of his country. His personal relationships were limited to a handpicked group of palace officials who were sons of his father's advisors and a few expatriate friends such as Tim Landon. Sultan Said said that he would not allow his son to be involved with the developing planning process, and Qaboos began to make known his desire for change—which was quietly supported by his expatriate visitors.[10]

Other Languages
العربية: قابوس بن سعيد
беларуская: Кабус бен Саід
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кабус бэн Саід
français: Qabus ibn Saïd
Bahasa Indonesia: Qaboos dari Oman
Lëtzebuergesch: Qabus ibn Said
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qobus bin Said
sicilianu: Qabus di l'Oman
Simple English: Qaboos bin Said
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kabus ibn Said el Said
Türkçe: Kâbus bin Said
українська: Кабус бін Саїд
Tiếng Việt: Qaboos bin Said Al Said