Pyrus communis

Pyrus communis
Pears.jpg
European Pear branch with fruit
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Pyrus
Species:
P. communis
Binomial name
Pyrus communis
Synonyms

Pyrus domestica (L.) Ehrh.

Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear,[2] is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia.

It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions, being the species from which most orchard pear cultivars grown in Europe, North America, and Australia have been developed. Two other species of pears, the Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white or ya pear (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: 白梨; pinyin: báilí) are more widely grown in East Asia.

Origin

The cultivated European pear (P. communis subsp. communis) is thought to be descended from two subspecies of wild pears, categorized as P. communis subsp. pyraster (syn. P. pyraster) and P. communis subsp. caucasica (syn. P. caucasica), which are interfertile with domesticated pears. Archeological evidence shows these pears "were collected from the wild long before their introduction into cultivation", according to Zohary and Hopf.[3] Although they point to finds of pears in sites in Neolithic and Bronze Age European sites, "reliable information on pear cultivation first appears in the works of the Greek and the Roman writers."[4] Theophrastus, Cato the Elder, and Pliny the Elder all present information about the cultivation and grafting of pears.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Кхъужьей
العربية: كمثرى
armãneashti: Peru (pomu)
azərbaycanca: Adi armud
تۆرکجه: عادی آرمود
беларуская: Груша звычайная
català: Perera
čeština: Hrušeň obecná
Cymraeg: Coeden ellyg
Deutsch: Kultur-Birne
dolnoserbski: Zagrodna kšušcyna
Ελληνικά: Αχλαδιά
español: Pyrus communis
français: Poirier commun
Gaeilge: Piorra fiáin
galego: Pereira
한국어: 서양배나무
hornjoserbsce: Zahrodna krušwina
italiano: Pyrus communis
лакку: Хъюрт
magyar: Nemes körte
монгол: Европ лийр
Nāhuatl: Peracuahuitl
Nordfriisk: Peerbuum
norsk: Pære
norsk nynorsk: Pære
occitan: Perièr
پنجابی: ناشپاتی
Piemontèis: Pyrus communis
Ripoarisch: Bir
sardu: Pira
slovenčina: Hruška obyčajná
slovenščina: Hruška
suomi: Päärynä
svenska: Päron
ไทย: แพร์
українська: Груша звичайна
Tiếng Việt: Pyrus communis
Võro: Pirnipuu
West-Vlams: Peire
粵語: 啤梨
中文: 西洋梨