Pyromania

Pyromania
Classification and external resources
Specialty psychiatry
ICD- 10 F63.1
ICD- 9-CM 312.33
MeSH D005391

Pyromania is an impulse control disorder [1] in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, [1] in order to relieve tension or for instant gratification. The term pyromania comes from the Greek word πῦρ (pyr, fire). Pyromania is distinct from arson, the deliberate setting of fires for personal, monetary or political gain. [2] Pyromaniacs start fires to induce euphoria, and often fixate on institutions of fire control like fire houses and firemen. Pyromania is a type of impulse control disorder, along with kleptomania, intermittent explosive disorder and others.

Signs and symptoms

There are specific symptoms that separate pyromaniacs from those who start fires for criminal purposes or due to emotional motivations not specifically related to fire. Someone suffering from this disorder deliberately and purposely sets fires on more than one occasion, and before the act of lighting the fire the person usually experiences tension and an emotional buildup. When around fires, a person suffering from pyromania gains intense interest or fascination and may also experience pleasure, gratification or relief ( Frey 2001). Another long term contributor often linked with pyromania is the buildup of stress. When studying the lifestyle of someone with pyromania, a buildup of stress and emotion is often evident and this is seen in teens' attitudes towards friends and family ( Gale 1998). At times it is difficult to distinguish the difference between pyromania and experimentation in childhood because both involve pleasure from the fire. [3]

Other Languages
العربية: هوس الحرائق
català: Piromania
dansk: Pyromani
Deutsch: Pyromanie
Ελληνικά: Πυρομανία
español: Piromanía
euskara: Piromania
français: Pyromanie
Հայերեն: Պիրոմանիա
hrvatski: Piromanija
Bahasa Indonesia: Piromania
italiano: Piromania
עברית: פירומניה
magyar: Pirománia
македонски: Пироманија
Nederlands: Pyromanie
日本語: 放火癖
norsk: Pyromani
polski: Piromania
português: Piromania
русский: Пиромания
Simple English: Pyromania
slovenčina: Pyrománia
slovenščina: Piromanija
српски / srpski: Пироманија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Piromanija
suomi: Pyromania
svenska: Pyromani
Türkçe: Piromani
українська: Піроманія
中文: 縱火狂