Pyramid of Menkaure

Pyramid of Menkaure
Cairo, Gizeh, Pyramid of Menkaure, Egypt, Oct 2005.jpg
Coordinates29°58′21″N 31°07′42″E / 29°58′21″N 31°07′42″E / 29.97250; 31.12833
Ancient nameMenkaure is Divine
Constructedc. 2510 BC (4th dynasty)
TypeTrue Pyramid
Materiallimestone, core
red granite, white limestone, casing
Height65 metres (213 ft) or 125 cubits (original)
Base102.2 by 104.6 metres (335 ft × 343 ft) or 200 cubits (original)
Volume235,183 cubic metres (8,305,409 cu ft)

The Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It is thought to have been built to serve as the tomb of the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.

Size and construction

The Diagram Of the Pyramid.

Menkaure's pyramid had an original height of 65.5 meters (215  feet) and was the smallest of the three major pyramids at the Giza Necropolis. It now stands at 61 m (204 ft) tall with a base of 108.5 m. Its angle of incline is approximately 51°20′25″. It was constructed of limestone and granite. The first sixteen courses of the exterior were made of red granite[citation needed]. The upper portion was cased in the normal manner with Tura limestone. Part of the granite was left in the rough. Incomplete projects such as this pyramid help archaeologists understand the methods used to build pyramids and temples. South of the pyramid of Menkaure are three satellite pyramids, with each accompanied by a temple and substructure. The southernmost is the largest and a true pyramid. Its casing is partly of granite, like the main pyramid, and is believed to have been completed due to the limestone pyramidion found close by.[1] Neither of the other two progressed beyond the construction of the inner core.[2]

Isometric views of the pyramid of Menkaure taken from a 3d model
Other Languages
العربية: هرم منقرع
беларуская: Піраміда Мікерына
ދިވެހިބަސް: މެންކޫރީ ޕިރަމިޑް
فارسی: هرم منقرع
Bahasa Indonesia: Piramida Menkaure
لۊری شومالی: هرم منکو رع
українська: Піраміда Мікерина
Tiếng Việt: Kim tự tháp Menkaure