Pyongyang

Pyongyang

평양시
平壤市
Pyongyang Directly Governed City
평양직할시
平壤直轄市
  transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl평양직할시
 • Hancha平壤直轄市
 • McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngyang Chikhalsi
 • Revised RomanizationPyeongyang Jikhalsi
 • Official North Korean variantPhyŏngyang Chikhalsi
Clockwise from top left: Pyongyang skyline and the Taedong River; Juche Tower; Arch of Triumph; Tomb of King Tongmyeong; Puhŭng Station in the Pyongyang Metro; Arch of Reunification; and Kumsusan Palace of the Sun
Clockwise from top left: Pyongyang skyline and the Taedong River; Juche Tower; Arch of Triumph; Tomb of King Tongmyeong; Puhŭng Station in the Pyongyang Metro; Arch of Reunification; and Kumsusan Palace of the Sun
Nickname(s): 
(류경/柳京)  (Korean)
"Capital of Willows"
[1]
Location of Pyongyang in North Korea
Pyongyang is located in North Korea
Pyongyang
Pyongyang
Location of Pyongyang in North Korea
Pyongyang is located in Asia
Pyongyang
Pyongyang
Pyongyang (Asia)
Coordinates: 39°1′10″N 125°44′17″E / 39°1′10″N 125°44′17″E / 39.01944; 125.73806North Korea
RegionPyongan Province
Districts
Government
 • Chairman of Pyongyang People's CommitteeCha Hui-rim[3]
 • Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea Pyongyang City CommitteeKim Su-gil[3][4][5]
Area
 • Total2,000 km2 (800 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,222,000 [2]

Pyongyang, or P'yŏngyang (UK: ŋ/, US: ŋ/;[7] Korean pronunciation: [pʰjʌŋ.jaŋ]), is the capital and largest city of North Korea. Pyongyang is located on the Taedong River about 109 kilometres (68 mi) upstream from its mouth on the Yellow Sea. According to the 2008 population census, it has a population of 3,255,288.[8] The city was split from the South Pyongan province in 1946. It is administered as a directly-administered city (직할시; 直轄市; chikhalsi) with equal status to provinces, the same as special cities in South Korea (특별시; 特別市; teukbyeolsi), including Seoul.

Names

Pyongyang
Pyongyang (East Asian characters).svg
"Pyongyang" in chosŏn'gŭl (top) and hanja (bottom)
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationPyeongyang
McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngyang
lit. "Flat Soil"

The city's other historic names include Kisong, Hwangsong, Rakrang, Sŏgyong, Sodo, Hogyong, Changan,[citation needed] and Heijō[9][10] (during Japanese rule in Korea). There are several variants.[a] During the early 20th century, Pyongyang came to be known among missionaries as being the "Jerusalem of the East", due to its historical status as a stronghold of Christianity, namely Protestantism, especially during the Pyongyang revival of 1907.[22][23]

After Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, some members of Kim Jong-il's faction proposed changing the name of Pyongyang to "Kim Il-sung City" (Hangul김일성시; Hanja金日成市), but others suggested that North Korea should begin calling Seoul "Kim Il-sung City" instead and grant Pyongyang the moniker "Kim Jong-il City", and in the end neither proposal was implemented.[24]

The Russian transliteration Пхёнья́н was adapted in Polish and Romanian as Phenian. In Poland the hyperforeignist pronunciation /ˈfɛɲ.jan/ is commoner than the original /ˈpxɛɲ.jan/.

Other Languages
Acèh: Pyeongyang
Afrikaans: Pjongjang
አማርኛ: ፕዮንግያንግ
العربية: بيونغيانغ
aragonés: Pyongyang
অসমীয়া: পিয়ং ইয়াং
asturianu: Pyong Yang
azərbaycanca: Pxenyan
تۆرکجه: پیونق‌یانق
башҡортса: Пхеньян
беларуская: Пхеньян
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пхэньян
български: Пхенян
བོད་ཡིག: ཕོང་ཡང་།
bosanski: Pjongjang
brezhoneg: Pyongyang
буряад: Пхёнъян
català: Pyongyang
čeština: Pchjongjang
chiShona: Pyongyang
Cymraeg: P'yŏngyang
dansk: Pyongyang
Deutsch: Pjöngjang
dolnoserbski: Pchjongjang
eesti: Pyongyang
Ελληνικά: Πιονγιάνγκ
español: Pionyang
Esperanto: Pjongjango
euskara: Piongiang
Fiji Hindi: Pyongyang
føroyskt: Pyongyang
français: Pyongyang
Frysk: Pyongyang
Gaeilge: Pyongyang
Gàidhlig: Pyongyang
galego: Pyongyang
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: P'yŏngyang
한국어: 평양직할시
հայերեն: Փհենյան
हिन्दी: प्योंगयांग
hrvatski: Pjongjang
Ilokano: Pyongyang
Bahasa Indonesia: Pyongyang
Interlingue: Pyongyang
Ирон: Пхеньян
íslenska: Pjongjang
italiano: Pyongyang
עברית: פיונגיאנג
Basa Jawa: Pyongyang
kalaallisut: Pyongyang
ქართული: ფხენიანი
kaszëbsczi: P'yŏngyang
қазақша: Пхеньян
Kiswahili: Pyongyang
Kongo: Pyongyang
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pyongyang
kurdî: Pyongyang
Кыргызча: Пхеньян
لۊری شومالی: پیوٙنگ یانگ
Latina: Pyeongyang
latviešu: Phenjana
Lëtzebuergesch: Pjöngjang
лезги: Пхеньян
lietuvių: Pchenjanas
lumbaart: Pyongyang
magyar: Phenjan
मैथिली: प्योङयाङ
македонски: Пјонгјанг
Māori: Pyongyang
مازِرونی: پيونگ يانگ
Bahasa Melayu: Pyongyang
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bìng-iōng
монгол: Пёнъян
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပြုံယမ်းမြို့
Nāhuatl: Pionyan
Nederlands: Pyongyang
日本語: 平壌
Napulitano: Pyongyang
нохчийн: Пхеньян
norsk: Pyongyang
norsk nynorsk: Pyongyang
occitan: Pyeongyang
олык марий: Пхеньян
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Pxenyan
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਿਓਂਗਯਾਂਗ
پنجابی: پیانگ یانگ
Papiamentu: Pyongyang
Patois: Pyongyang
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ព្យុងយ៉ាង
Piemontèis: Pyongyang
Tok Pisin: Pyongyang
Plattdüütsch: Pjöngjang
polski: Pjongjang
português: Pyongyang
Qaraqalpaqsha: Pxenyan
română: Phenian
Runa Simi: Pyongyang
русский: Пхеньян
саха тыла: Пхеньян
sardu: Pyongyang
Scots: Pyongyang
shqip: Feniani
sicilianu: Pyongyang
Simple English: Pyongyang
slovenčina: Pchjongjang
slovenščina: Pjongjang
ślůnski: Pjongjang
کوردی: پیۆنگیانگ
српски / srpski: Пјонгјанг
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pjongjang
suomi: Pjongjang
svenska: Pyongyang
Tagalog: Pyongyang
татарча/tatarça: Пхеньян
тоҷикӣ: Пхенян
Türkçe: Pyongyang
українська: Пхеньян
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Pyongyang
vepsän kel’: Phen'jan
Tiếng Việt: Bình Nhưỡng
Volapük: Pyöngyang
Võro: Pyongyang
Winaray: Pyongyang
吴语: 平壤市
ייִדיש: פיאנגיאנג
Yorùbá: Pyongyang
粵語: 平壤
Zazaki: Pyongyang
žemaitėška: Pchenjans
中文: 平壤