Respiratory system complete en.svg
Schematic view of the human respiratory system with their parts and functions.
Significant diseasesAsthma, Lung Cancer, Tuberculosis, Occupational lung disease
Significant testsBronchoscopy, Sputum studies, Arterial blood gases
SpecialistRespiratory Physician, Pulmonologist

Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract.[1] The term is derived from the Latin word pulmō, pulmōnis ("lung") and the Greek suffix -λογία, -logia ("study of"). Pulmonology is synonymous with pneumology (from Greek πνεύμων ("lung") and -λογία), respirology and respiratory medicine.

Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections. [2]

Variations in nomenclature

In the United Kingdom, the term "respiratory physiologist" is used[3]. In Ireland, South Africa[dubious ], and Australia the term "respiratory physician" is used (rather than pulmonologist) to distinguish a physician that practices pulmonology. In [1]. Surgery of the respiratory tract is generally performed by specialists in cardiothoracic surgery (or thoracic surgery), though minor procedures may be performed by pulmonologists. As mentioned above, pulmonology is closely related to critical care medicine when dealing with patients who require mechanical ventilation. As a result, many pulmonologists are certified to practice critical care medicine in addition to pulmonary medicine. There are fellowship programs that allow physicians to become board certified in pulmonary and critical care medicine simultaneously. Interventional pulmonology is a relatively new field within pulmonary medicine that deals with the use of procedures such as bronchoscopy and pleuroscopy to treat several pulmonary diseases. Interventional pulmonology is increasingly recognized as a specific medical specialty.[4]

Other Languages
العربية: طب الرئة
asturianu: Neumoloxía
azərbaycanca: Pulmonologiya
беларуская: Пульманалогія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пульманалёгія
български: Пулмология
català: Pneumologia
čeština: Pneumologie
Deutsch: Pneumologie
Ελληνικά: Πνευμονολογία
español: Neumología
Esperanto: Pneŭmonologio
euskara: Pneumologia
فارسی: پزشکی ریه
français: Pneumologie
galego: Pneumoloxía
한국어: 기도학
hrvatski: Pulmologija
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulmonologi
italiano: Pneumologia
Кыргызча: Пульмонология
മലയാളം: പൾമോണോളജി
Bahasa Melayu: Pulmonologi
Nederlands: Pulmonologie
日本語: 呼吸器学
norsk nynorsk: Pulmonologi
polski: Pulmonologia
português: Pneumologia
română: Pneumologie
संस्कृतम्: फोक्सोशास्त्र
Simple English: Pulmonology
slovenčina: Pneumológia
slovenščina: Pulmologija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pulmologija
svenska: Pulmonologi
українська: Пульмонологія
اردو: طب رئوی
Tiếng Việt: Khoa hô hấp
Winaray: Pulmonolohiya
中文: 胸腔醫學