Pulitzer Prize

Pulitzer Prize
2019 Pulitzer Prize
Gen pulitzer.jpg
Pulitzer prize for public service gold medal (designed by Daniel Chester French)
Awarded forExcellence in newspaper journalism, literary achievements, musical composition
CountryUnited States
Presented bypulitzer.org

The Pulitzer Prize (ər/[1]) is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of American (Hungarian-born) Joseph Pulitzer who had made his fortune as a newspaper publisher, and is administered by Columbia University in New York City.[2] Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of the categories, each winner receives a certificate and a US$15,000 cash award (raised from $10,000 in 2017).[3] The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal.[4][5]

Entry and prize consideration

The Pulitzer Prize does not automatically consider all applicable works in the media, but only those that have specifically been entered.[6] (There is a $75 entry fee, for each desired entry category.) Entries must fit in at least one of the specific prize categories, and cannot simply gain entrance for being literary or musical.[6] Works can also only be entered in a maximum of two categories, regardless of their properties.

Each year, 102 jurors are selected by the Pulitzer Prize Board to serve on 20 separate juries for the 21 award categories; one jury makes recommendations for both photography awards. Most juries consist of five members, except for those for Public Service, Investigative Reporting, Explanatory Reporting, Feature writing and Commentary categories, which have seven members; however all book juries have at least three members.[2] For each award category, a jury makes three nominations. The board selects the winner by majority vote from the nominations or bypasses the nominations and selects a different entry following a 75 percent majority vote. The board can also vote to issue no award. The board and journalism jurors are not paid for their work; however, the jurors in letters, music, and drama receive a $2,000 honorarium for the year, and each chair receives $2,500.[2]

Difference between entrants and nominated finalists

Anyone whose work has been submitted is called an entrant. The jury selects a group of nominated finalists and announces them, together with the winner for each category. However, some journalists and authors who were only submitted, but not nominated as finalists, still claim to be Pulitzer nominees in promotional material.

The Pulitzer board has cautioned entrants against claiming to be nominees. The Pulitzer Prize web site’s frequently asked questions section describes their policy as follows: "Nominated Finalists are selected by the Nominating Juries for each category as finalists in the competition. The Pulitzer Prize Board generally selects the Pulitzer Prize Winners from the three nominated finalists in each category. The names of nominated finalists have been announced only since 1980. Work that has been submitted for Prize consideration but not chosen as either a nominated finalist or a winner is termed an entry or submission. No information on entrants is provided. Since 1980, when we began to announce nominated finalists, we have used the term 'nominee' for entrants who became finalists. We discourage someone saying he or she was 'nominated' for a Pulitzer simply because an entry was sent to us."[7]

Bill Dedman of NBC News, the recipient of the 1989 investigative reporting prize, pointed out in 2012 that financial journalist Betty Liu was described as "Pulitzer Prize-Nominated" in her Bloomberg Television advertising and the jacket of her book, while National Review writer Jonah Goldberg made similar claims of "Pulitzer nomination" to promote his books. Dedman wrote, "To call that submission a Pulitzer 'nomination' is like saying that Adam Sandler is an Oscar nominee if Columbia Pictures enters That's My Boy in the Academy Awards. Many readers realize that the Oscars don't work that way—the studios don't pick the nominees. It's just a way of slipping 'Academy Awards' into a bio. The Pulitzers also don't work that way, but fewer people know that."[8]

Nominally, the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service is awarded only to news organizations, not individuals. In rare instances, contributors to the entry are singled out in the citation in a manner analogous to individual winners.[9][10] Journalism awards may be awarded to individuals or newspapers or newspaper staffs; infrequently, staff Prize citations also distinguish the work of prominent contributors.[11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Pulitzerprys
Alemannisch: Pulitzer-Preis
asturianu: Premiu Pulitzer
azərbaycanca: Pulitser mükafatı
Bân-lâm-gú: Pulitzer Chióng
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Пулітцэраўская прэмія
български: Пулицър
brezhoneg: Priz Pulitzer
čeština: Pulitzerova cena
español: Premio Pulitzer
Esperanto: Premio Pulitzer
français: Prix Pulitzer
한국어: 퓰리처상
Bahasa Indonesia: Penghargaan Pulitzer
italiano: Premio Pulitzer
Kiswahili: Tuzo ya Pulitzer
latviešu: Pulicera balva
Lëtzebuergesch: Pulitzer-Präis
Bahasa Melayu: Hadiah Pulitzer
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ပူလစ်ဇာဆု
Nederlands: Pulitzerprijs
norsk nynorsk: Pulitzerprisen
پنجابی: پلتزر انعام
português: Prémio Pulitzer
Simple English: Pulitzer Prize
slovenčina: Pulitzerova cena
slovenščina: Pulitzerjeva nagrada
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Pulitzerova nagrada
Tiếng Việt: Giải Pulitzer
吴语: 普利策奖
粵語: 普立茲獎
中文: 普利策奖