Ptah standing.svg
Ptah, in the form of a mummified man, standing on the symbol for Ma'at, holding a scepter or staff that bears the combined ankh-djed-was symbols
Name in hieroglyphs
Major cult centerMemphis
Symbolthe djed pillar, the bull
ConsortSekhmet and Bast
OffspringNefertem, Maahes
Parentsnone (self-created or un-created)

In Egyptian mythology, Ptah (ɑː/;[1] Ancient Egyptian: ptḥ, probably vocalized as Pitaḥ in ancient Egyptian)[2] is the demiurge of Memphis, god of craftsmen and architects. In the triad of Memphis, he is the husband of Sekhmet and the father of Nefertum. He was also regarded as the father of the sage Imhotep.

Origin and symbolism

Statue of Ptah - Egyptian Museum of Turin, Italy

Ptah is an Egyptian deity and considered the demiurge who existed before all other things and, by his will, thought the world into existence. It was first conceived by Thought, and realized by the Word: Ptah conceives the world by the thought of his heart and gives life through the magic of his Word. That which Ptah commanded was created, with which the constituents of nature, fauna, and flora, are contained. He also plays a role in the preservation of the world and the permanence of the royal function.

In the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty, the Nubian pharaoh Shabaka would transcribe on a stela known as the Shabaka Stone, an old theological document found in the archives of the library of the temple of the god at Memphis. This document has been known as the Memphite Theology, and shows the god Ptah, the deity responsible for the creation of the universe by thought and by the word.

Ptah is the patron of craftsmanship, metalworking, carpenters, shipbuilders, and sculpture.

He bears many epithets that describe his role in ancient Egyptian religion and its importance in society at the time:

  • Ptah the beautiful face
  • Ptah lord of truth
  • Ptah master of justice
  • Ptah who listens to prayers
  • Ptah master of ceremonies
  • Ptah lord of eternity
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ptah
Alemannisch: Ptah
العربية: بتاح
azərbaycanca: Ptah
български: Птах
བོད་ཡིག: པུའུ་ཐ།
català: Ptah
čeština: Ptah
dansk: Ptah
Deutsch: Ptah
eesti: Ptah
Ελληνικά: Πτα
español: Ptah
Esperanto: Ptaho
euskara: Ptah
فارسی: پتاح
français: Ptah
galego: Ptah
한국어: 프타
हिन्दी: पिताह
hrvatski: Ptah
Bahasa Indonesia: Ptah
italiano: Ptah
עברית: פתח (אל)
ქართული: პტა
Latina: Phthas
lietuvių: Ptachas
magyar: Ptah
македонски: Птах
მარგალური: პტა
مصرى: بتاح
Bahasa Melayu: Ptah
Nederlands: Ptah
日本語: プタハ
norsk: Ptah
occitan: Ptah
polski: Ptah
português: Ptá
română: Ptah
русский: Птах
Scots: Ptah
sicilianu: Ptah
Simple English: Ptah
slovenčina: Ptah
slovenščina: Pta
српски / srpski: Птах
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ptah
suomi: Ptah
svenska: Ptah
Tagalog: Ptah
தமிழ்: தாவ்
Türkçe: Ptah
українська: Птах (бог)
اردو: پتاح
Tiếng Việt: Ptah
Winaray: Ptah
中文: 卜塔