Psychedelic rock

Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. The music is intended to replicate and enhance the mind-altering experiences of psychedelic drugs, most notably LSD. Many psychedelic groups differ in style, and the label is often applied spuriously.[2]

Originating in the mid-1960s among British and American musicians, the sounds of psychedelic rock invokes three core effects of LSD: depersonalization, dechronicization, and dynamization; all of which detach the user from reality.[2] Musically, the effects may be represented via novelty studio tricks, electronic or non-Western instrumentation, disjunctive song structures, and extended instrumental segments.[3] Some of the earlier 1960s psychedelic rock musicians were based in folk, jazz, and the blues, while others showcased an explicit Indian classical influence called "raga rock". In the 1960s, there existed two main variants of the genre: the whimsical British pop-psychedelia and the harder American West Coast acid rock. While "acid rock" is sometimes deployed interchangeably with the term "psychedelic rock", it also refers more specifically to the heavier and more extreme ends of the genre.

The peak years of psychedelic rock were between 1967 and 1969, with milestone events including the 1967 Summer of Love and the 1969 Woodstock Rock Festival, becoming an international musical movement associated with a widespread counterculture before beginning a decline as changing attitudes, the loss of some key individuals and a back-to-basics movement, led surviving performers to move into new musical areas. The genre bridged the transition from early blues and folk-based rock to progressive rock and hard rock, and as a result contributed to the development of sub-genres such as heavy metal. Since the late 1970s it has been revived in various forms of neo-psychedelia.

Definition

As a musical style, psychedelic rock attempts to replicate the effects of and enhance the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs, incorporating new electronic sound effects and recording effects, extended solos, and improvisation.[4] Common features include:

The term "psychedelic" was coined in 1956 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond first as an alternative descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy.[15] As the countercultural scene developed in San Francisco, the terms acid rock and psychedelic rock were used in 1966 to describe the new drug-influenced music[16] and were being widely used by 1967.[17] The terms psychedelic rock and acid rock are often used interchangeably,[12] but acid rock may be distinguished as a more extreme variation that was heavier, louder, relied on long jams,[18] focused more directly on LSD, and made greater use of distortion.[19]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Psixodelik rok
беларуская: Псіхадэлічны рок
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Псыхадэлічны рок
Ελληνικά: Ψυχεδελικό ροκ
Bahasa Indonesia: Rock psikedelis
íslenska: Sýrurokk
Lëtzebuergesch: Psychedelic Rock
नेपाल भाषा: साइकेडेलिक रक
norsk nynorsk: Psykedelisk rock
português: Rock psicodélico
română: Rock psihedelic
Simple English: Psychedelic rock
slovenčina: Psychedelický rock
slovenščina: Psihedelični rock
српски / srpski: Психоделични рок
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Psihodelični rock
Türkçe: Psikedelik rock
українська: Психоделічний рок
Tiếng Việt: Psychedelic rock
中文: 迷幻搖滾