Prussia (in blue) at its peak as the leading state of the
German Empire Capital (1525–1701) Königsberg (1701–1947) Berlin Common languages (official) German Religion Majority: ( Protestant and Lutheran ; since 1817 Reformed Prussian ) United Demonym(s) Prussian Government (until 1918), Monarchy Republic Duke 1
(first) Albert I
(last) Frederick III King 1
(first) Frederick I
(last) Wilhelm II Prime Minister 1, 2
(first) Friedrich Ebert
(last) Hermann Göring Historical era to Early modern Europe Contemporary 10 April 1525 27 August 1618 18 January 1701 9 November 1918 30 January 1934 25 February 1947 Area 1907  348,702 km 2 (134,635 sq mi) 1939  297,007 km 2 (114,675 sq mi) Population 10,349,000 24,689,000 41,915,040 Currency Reichsthaler (1873–1914) German gold mark German (1914–1923) German Papiermark (since 1924) Reichsmark Today part of Germany Poland Russia Lithuania Denmark Belgium Czech Republic Switzerland 1 The heads of state listed here are the first and last to hold each title over time. For more information, see individual Prussian state articles (links in above History section). 2 The position of was introduced in 1792 when Prussia was a Kingdom; the prime ministers shown here are the heads of the Prussian republic. Ministerpräsident Prussia ( /; : German Preußen, pronounced [ˈpʁɔʏsn̩] () was a historically prominent ) listen state that originated in 1525 with German centred on the a duchy on the southeast coast of the region of Prussia . It was Baltic Sea dissolved by de facto to an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government German Chancellor in 1932 and Franz von Papen by de jure in 1947. For centuries, the an Allied decree House of ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in House of Hohenzollern and from 1701 in Königsberg , decisively shaped the Berlin . history of Germany
In 1871, German states (notably excluding Austria) united to create the
under Prussian leadership. In November 1918, the monarchies were abolished and the nobility lost its political power during the German Empire . The German Revolution of 1918–19 was thus abolished in favour of a republic—the Kingdom of Prussia , a Free State of Prussia of Germany from 1918 until 1933. From 1933, Prussia lost its independence as a result of the state , when the Prussian coup was successfully establishing its Nazi regime laws in pursuit of a Gleichschaltung . With the end of the Nazi regime, in 1945, the division of Germany into unitary state and the separation of its territories east of the allied-occupation zones , which were incorporated into Poland and the Soviet Union, the State of Prussia ceased to exist Oder–Neisse line . de facto  Prussia existed  until its formal abolition by the de jure Enactment No. 46 of 25 February 1947. Allied Control Council 
Prussia derives from the ; in the 13th century, the Old Prussians —an organized Teutonic Knights medieval Catholic of military order —conquered the lands inhabited by them. In 1308, the Teutonic Knights conquered the region of German crusaders with Pomerelia ( Gdańsk Danzig). Their was mostly monastic state through Germanised , and, in the south, it was immigration from central and western Germany by settlers from Polonised . The Masovia (1466) split Prussia into the western Second Peace of Thorn , a province of Poland, and the eastern part, from 1525 called the Royal Prussia , a fief of the Duchy of Prussia up to 1657. The Crown of Poland in 1618 led to the proclamation of the union of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia in 1701. Kingdom of Prussia
Prussia entered the ranks of the
shortly after becoming a kingdom, great powers    and exercised most influence in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the 18th century it had a major say in many international affairs under the reign of  . During the 19th century, Chancellor Frederick the Great united the German principalities into a " Otto von Bismarck ", which excluded the Lesser Germany . Austrian Empire
(1814–15), which redrew the map of Europe following Congress of Vienna 's defeat, Prussia acquired rich new territories, including the coal-rich Napoleon . The country then grew rapidly in influence economically and politically, and became the core of the Ruhr in 1867, and then of the North German Confederation in 1871. The Kingdom of Prussia was now so large and so dominant in the new Germany that German Empire and other Prussian élites identified more and more as Germans and less as Prussians. Junkers
The Kingdom ended in 1918 along with other German monarchies that collapsed as a result of the
. In the German Revolution , the Weimar Republic lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the Free State of Prussia led by 1932 coup . Subsequently, it was effectively dismantled into Nazi German Franz von Papen in 1935. Nevertheless, some Prussian ministries were kept and Gaue remained in his role as Hermann Göring until the end of Minister President of Prussia . World War II that made up a significant part of Prussia lost the majority of their German population after 1945 as the Former eastern territories of Germany and the People's Republic of Poland both absorbed these territories and had most of its German inhabitants Soviet Union by 1950. Prussia, deemed expelled a bearer of militarism and reaction by the was Allies in 1947. The international status of the former eastern territories of Germany was disputed until the officially abolished by an Allied declaration in 1990, while its return to Germany remains a topic among Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany politicians, the far right and various political revisionists. Federation of Expellees
Prussian has often been used, especially outside Germany, to emphasise professionalism, aggressiveness, militarism and conservatism of the class of landed aristocrats in the East who dominated first Prussia and then the German Empire. Junker
, as well as the coat of arms of Prussia , depicted a flag of Prussia on a white background.
The black and white
were already used by the national colours and by the Teutonic Knights . The Teutonic Order wore a white coat Hohenzollern dynasty with a black cross with gold insert and black imperial eagle. The combination of the black and white colours with the white and red embroidered colours of the free cities Hanseatic , Hamburg and Bremen , as well as of Lübeck , resulted in the black-white-red commercial flag of the Brandenburg , which became the flag of the German Empire in 1871.
North German Confederation
("to each, his own"), the motto of the Suum cuique created by King Order of the Black Eagle in 1701, was often associated with the whole of Prussia. The Frederick I , a military decoration created by King Iron Cross in 1813, was also commonly associated with the country. The region, originally populated by Baltic Frederick William III who were Christianised, became a favoured location for immigration by (later mainly Protestant) Old Prussians ( Germans see ), as well as Ostsiedlung and Poles along the border regions.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: