The province of Foggia can be divided in three parts: one centered in its capital Foggia called Tavoliere, another sided along the Apennines named Daunian Mountains and the third one representing the spur of the boot-shaped Italian peninsula called Gargano.
The Tavoliere is an important agricultural area: grapefruit, olives, durum wheat and tomato are the chief products. It is also called "the granary of Italy" because of its important production of wheat.
Daunian Mountains lie along the border with Molise and Campania. Scattered with small villages only, the mountains are mostly covered by forests and pastures, with the main produce being hams and caciocavallo cheese. Faetar, a francoproveçal dialect, is spoken in two villages: Faeto and Celle di San Vito.
The Gargano is a peninsula partly mountainous and partly covered by a forest, Foresta Umbra with vegetation typical of Central Europe, the only lasting part in Italy of the ancient Black Forest. Allegedly its name comes from the word ombra (shadow) because of its thickness that prevents the light to enter in contrast with the typical flora. The coast of Gargano is rich in beaches and touristic facilities. In the north are two major salt lakes Lesina and Varano. It is also important for the production of olives, olive oil and both mountain and sea typical food products.