Province of Burgos

Burgos
Province
Provincial Palace (s. XIX) in Burgos, seat of the Diputación de Burgos, the province governing body
Provincial Palace (s. XIX) in Burgos, seat of the Diputación de Burgos, the province governing body
Flag of Burgos
Flag
Coat of arms of Burgos
Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Burgos highlighted
Map of Spain with Burgos highlighted
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastille and León
CapitalBurgos
Government
 • PresidentCésar Rico Ruiz (PP)
Area
 • Total14,292 km2 (5,518 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 11
 2,78% of Spain
Population (2011)
 • Total375,657
 • RankRanked 36
 • Density26/km2 (68/sq mi)
 0,80% of Spain
Demonym(s)Spanish: burgalés/a
English: burgalese
Official language(s)Spanish
ParliamentCortes Generales
Websitehttp://www.burgos.es/

The province of Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is bordered by the provinces of Palencia, Cantabria, Vizcaya, Álava, La Rioja, Soria, Segovia, and Valladolid. Its capital is the city of Burgos.

The Cartularies of Valpuesta from the monastery Santa María de Valpuesta, in Burgos, are considered to be the oldest known documents containing words written in the Spanish language. [1]

Overview

Since 1964, archaeologists have been working at numerous areas of the Archaeological Site of Atapuerca, where they have found ancient hominid and human remains, the former dating to more than one million years ago, with artefacts from the Palaeolithic and Bronze Ages of man. The site has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The province has an area of 14,300 km² and a population of approximately 375,000 of whom nearly half live in the capital. The other locations higher than 20,000 inhabitants apart from Burgos are Miranda de Ebro and Aranda de Duero, both very industrialized. The Sierra de la Demanda, the northwesternmost end of the Sistema Ibérico, is located in Burgos Province.[2]

The most important rivers in the province are the Ebro and the Duero. The river Duero is in the south of the province and leads to the Atlantic Ocean at Porto, Portugal. Planted near it is a notable vineyard, Ribera de Duero. The north and south-east of the province are mountainous. The Ebro flows to the Mediterranean Sea.

In Valpuesta the oldest texts in the Spanish language has been found, dating from the tenth century.[3]

Transportation is developed through a wide net of highways and roads. Besides, the province is served by the Burgos Airport, and will receive High-speed rail AVE around 2016.

Other Languages
العربية: برغش (مقاطعة)
Bân-lâm-gú: Burgos Séng
беларуская: Бургас (правінцыя)
brezhoneg: Proviñs Burgos
čeština: Provincie Burgos
davvisámegiella: Burgos eanangoddi
Esperanto: Provinco Burgoso
한국어: 부르고스 주
Bahasa Indonesia: Provinsi Burgos
interlingua: Provincia Burgos
Kapampangan: Burgos (lalawigan)
Kiswahili: Mkoa wa Burgos
لۊری شومالی: بورگئس (آستوٙن)
Lëtzebuergesch: Provënz Burgos
Bahasa Melayu: Wilayah Burgos
Nederlands: Burgos (provincie)
日本語: ブルゴス県
norsk nynorsk: Provinsen Burgos
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Burgos (provinsiya)
српски / srpski: Покрајина Бургос
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Burgos (pokrajina)
Türkçe: Burgos ili
українська: Бургос (провінція)
Tiếng Việt: Burgos (tỉnh)
Lingua Franca Nova: Provinse de Burgos