Professional wrestling

Professional wrestling
Wrestling - Sikeston, MO 1938 - 1.jpg
A professional wrestling match in 1938: two wrestlers grapple in a wrestling ring while a referee (in white on the right) looks on
Ancestor arts
Descendant artsShoot wrestling
Sports entertainment
Originating culture United States
 Canada
 Mexico
 United Kingdom
 Italy
 France
 Japan
 Puerto Rico
 South Africa
 Australia
 New Zealand
Originating era19th century

Professional wrestling (often shortened to pro wrestling or simply wrestling) is a form of entertainment[1][2] which combines athletics with theatrical performance.[3] It takes the form of events, held by touring companies, which mimic a title-match combat sport. The unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees.[4][5]

The matches have predetermined outcomes[6]to heighten entertainment value[7]and all combative maneuvers are executed with the full cooperation of those involved and carefully performed in specific manners intended to lessen the chance of actual injury.[8]These facts were once kept highly secret, but are now a widely accepted open secret. By and large, the true nature of the performance is not discussed by the performing company in official media - in order to sustain and promote the willing suspension of disbelief for the audience by maintaining an aura of verisimilitude. Fan communications by individual wrestlers and promotions through outside media (i.e. interviews) will often directly acknowledge the dramatic and "fixed" nature of the spectacle.

History

Originating as a popular form of entertainment in 19th-century Europe[9] and later as a sideshow exhibition in North American traveling carnivals and vaudeville halls, professional wrestling grew into a standalone genre of entertainment with many diverse variations in cultures around the globe, and is now a billion dollar entertainment industry. Since the 1980s, local forms have greatly declined in Europe, wrestling from North America has experienced several different periods of prominent cultural popularity during its century and a half of existence and has been exported back to Europe to fill the cultural gap left by the aforementioned decline of local versions. The advent of television gave professional wrestling a new outlet, and wrestling (along with boxing) was instrumental in making pay-per-view a viable method of content delivery.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Peşəkar güləş
български: Кеч
Boarisch: Wrestling
brezhoneg: Katch
čeština: Wrestling
dansk: Wrestling
Deutsch: Wrestling
français: Catch
한국어: 프로레슬링
Bahasa Indonesia: Gulat profesional
italiano: Wrestling
ქართული: რესლინგი
қазақша: Реслинг
lingála: Líbanda
magyar: Pankráció
日本語: プロレス
norsk nynorsk: Wrestling
occitan: Catch
polski: Wrestling
português: Luta profissional
română: Wrestling
русский: Реслинг
sardu: Wrestling
Simple English: Professional wrestling
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Profesionalno hrvanje
suomi: Showpaini
svenska: Fribrottning
українська: Реслінг
vepsän kel’: Resling
粵語: 職業摔角
中文: 職業摔角